Open Access

Studies on the lithosphere and the water transport by using the Japan Sea submarine cable (JASC): 1. Theoretical considerations

  • L. L. Vanyan1Email author,
  • H. Utada2,
  • H. Shimizu2,
  • Y. Tanaka3,
  • N. A. Palshin1,
  • V. Stepanov1,
  • V. Kouznetsov1,
  • R. D. Medzhitov4 and
  • A. Nozdrina1
Earth, Planets and Space201450:BF03352084

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352084

Received: 19 June 1997

Accepted: 25 November 1997

Published: 6 June 2014

Abstract

The Japan Sea Cable (JASC) was retired from telecommunications services and its ownership transferred to the scientific community in February, 1996. For the first stage of its scientific reuse program, a Japan-Russia joint project has been initiated to monitor electrical potential differences across the Japan Sea to study the electrical conductivity distribution in the Earth and the water transport across the cable.

This paper describes preliminary investigations by forward modelling study to explore possible results from the voltage observation, before analyzing real data. On the resistivity structure, modelling has suggested that voltage data is most sensitive to the conductance of resistive lithosphere, especially at longer periods. Water transport modelling has shown that the heterogeneity of sub-bottom resistivity does not greatly influence the cable voltage, and that water transport of 5–6 Sv in the Japan Sea can generate voltage differences of 70–80 mV across the JASC. A preliminary observation was found to be roughly consistent with this estimation.