Skip to main content

Volume 50 Supplement 6-7

Special Issue: The Zodiacal Cloud Sciences

The circumsolar dust complex and solar magnetic field

Abstract

New model calculations for the dynamical evolution of dust particles at several solar radii around the Sun are presented. We choose a fractal aggregate consisting of either silicate or carbon as a representative of dielectric and absorbing fluffy particles. We take into account a large array of forces and effects acting on the dust particles—solar gravity, direct solar radiation pressure, Poynting-Robertson effect, sublimation, and the Lorentz force, with a special emphasis given to the latter. The Lorentz force was computed on the base of modeled grain’s charges and a model of the actual solar magnetic field from 1976 to 1996. We have investigated the dynamics of individual grains, obtained radial and vertical density profiles of different-sized particles, and used the computed dust density distributions to calculate the expected F-corona brightness during the periods of weak and strong magnetic field. We have found that the solar magnetic field and its variations do not affect the dynamics and spatial distribution of carbon aggregates, which are thought to produce the peak features of the near-infrared F-corona brightness that were sometimes observed. On the other hand, the variations of the solar magnetic field may alter the latitudinal distribution of silicate aggregates. However, the effect is not strong enough to account for the observed temporal variations in the brightness. Thus we can rule out the correlation between the appearance or disappearance of a peak feature and the solar activity cycle.

References

  • Banaszkiewicz, M., H. Fahr, and K. Scherer, Evolution of dust particle orbits under the influence of solar wind outflow asymmetries and the formation of the zodiacal dust cloud, Icarus, 107, 358–374, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Belton, M. J. S., Dynamics of interplanetary dust, Science, 151(3706), 35–44, 1966.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Belton, M. J. S., Dynamics of interplanetary dust particles near the Sun, in The Zodiacal Light and the Interplanetary Medium, NASA SP-150, edited by J. L. Weinberg, pp. 301–306, National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia, 1967.

  • Grün, E., H. Fechtig, H. A. Zook, and R. H. Giese, Collisional balance of the meteoritic complex, Icarus, 62, 244–272, 1985.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Hoeksema, J. T. and P. H. Scherrer, The solar magnetic field—1976 through 1985, Rept. UAG-94, WDC-A, 1986.

  • Ishimoto, H., Collisional evolution and the resulting mass distribution of interplanetary dust, Earth Planets Space, 50, this issue, 521–529, 1998.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Isobe, S. and A. S. Kumar, An explanation for time dependent variability of the solar dust ring, Astrophys. Space Sci., 205, 297–303, 1993.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kimura, H. and I. Mann, The electric charging of interstellar dust in the Solar system and consequences for its dynamics, Astrophys. J., 499, 454–462, 1998a.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kimura, H. and I. Mann, Brightness of the solar F-corona, Earth Planets Space, 50, this issue, 493–499, 1998b.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kimura, H., H. Ishimoto, and T. Mukai, A study on solar dust ring formation based on fractal dust models, Astron Astrophys., 326, 263–270, 1997.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kimura, H., I. Mann, and T. Mukai, Influence of dust shape and material composition on the solar F-corona, Planet. Space Sci., 1998 (in press).

  • Krivov, A. V. and D. P. Hamilton, Martian dust belts: Waiting for discovery, Icarus, 128, 335–353, 1997.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • MacQueen, R. M., Infrared observations of the outer solar corona, Astrophys. J., 154, 1059–1076, 1968.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mann, I., The solar F-corona—Calculations of the optical and infrared brightness of circumsolar dust, Astron. Astrophys., 261, 329–335, 1992.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mann, I., Dust near the Sun, in Physics, Chemistry, and Dynamics of Interplanetary Dust (ASP Conf. Series, vol. 104), edited by B. Å. S. Gustafson and M. S. Hanner, pp. 315–320, Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1996.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mann, I. and H. Kimura, Dust near the Sun, in Advances in Dusty Plasmas, edited by P. K. Shukla, D. A. Mendis, and T. Desai, pp. 346–351, World Scientific, Singapore, 1997.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mann, I., H. Okamoto, T. Mukai, H. Kimura, and Y. Kitada, Fractal aggregate analogues for near solar dust properties, Astron. Astrophys., 291, 1011–1018, 1994.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mukai, T. and T. Yamamoto, A model of the circumsolar dust cloud, Publ. Astron. Soc. Japan, 31, 585–595, 1979.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mukai, T., H. Ishimoto, T. Kozasa, J. Blum, and J. M. Greenberg, Radiation pressure forces of fluffy porous grains, Astron. Astrophys., 262, 315–320, 1992.

    Google Scholar 

  • Peterson, A. W., Experimental detection of thermal radiation from interplanetary dust, Astrophys. J., 148, L37–L39, 1967.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Peterson, A. W., The coronal brightness at 2.23 microns, Astrophys. J., 155, 1009–1015, 1969.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rusk, E. T., The effect of the solar magnetic field on dust-particle orbits in the F corona, Astron. J., 96, 1447–1454, 1988.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Shestakova, L. I. and L. V. Tambovtseva, Dynamics of dust grains near the Sun, Astron. Astrophys. Trans., 8, 59–81, 1995.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • van de Hulst, H. C., Zodiacal light in the solar corona. Astrophys. J., 105, 471–488, 1947.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Alexander Krivov.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Krivov, A., Mann, I. & Kimura, H. The circumsolar dust complex and solar magnetic field. Earth Planet Sp 50, 551–554 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352148

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352148

Keywords

  • Dust
  • Lorentz Force
  • Sunspot Number
  • Radiation Pressure
  • Dust Cloud