Dust around Herbig Ae/Be stars: modelling of observational data
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 1998
Received: 4 November 1997
Accepted: 14 January 1998
Published: 6 June 2014
Herbig Ae/Be (HAeBe) stars, young stars surrounded by dust shells, are believed to be precursors of β Pic-like stars, and the dust around them is thought to be a possible source material for the formation of planets. A group of the HAeBe stars (UX Ori, WW Vul, etc.) shows large brightness variations. The dust in the vicinity of these stars is responsible not only for their excess emission in the infrared, anomalous extinction in the ultraviolet and visual, and specific spatial distributions of the intensity and polarization, but also for the “blueing” effect in the colour-magnitude diagrams and the intrinsic polarization increase observed in deep minima.
In contrast to the previous studies, we take advantage of a simultaneous modelling of all the observational data mentioned. Monte-Carlo simulations of polarized radiation transfer in the shells with a spheroidal density distribution have been performed for different dust grain models. The results are compared with observations of a typical HAeBe star WW Vul. Some effects related to a possible porosity of the circumstellar grains are considered.