Skip to main content

A plate motion study using Ajisai SLR data

Abstract

Eight years of Ajisai SLR data were processed to determine the terrestrial reference frame and its time evolution. The typical precision and accuracy of the estimated geocenter position averaged over a year determined from a one-year Ajisai SLR data set are 1 cm and 1.5 cm, respectively. The baselines between SLR stations away from plate bou-ndaries show rates of change that are in good agreement with NUVEL-1A, ITRF93 and LAGEOS results but significant deviations from geologically determined plate motion models are found for stations in plate boundary regions. Velocities of the observation stations were estimated by a weighted least squares method. The Simosato SLR station, located 100 km away from the plate boundary between the Eurasian plate and the Philippine Sea plate, move-s in the direction of the subduction of the Philippine Sea plate with respect to the Eurasian plate, which infers strong coupling of the two plates at the boundary. The motion of other stations at plate boundary regions is also discussed. This study is the first attempt to use Ajisai SLR data to determine the global terrestrial reference frame and its variation, thus independent of the previous SLR studies most of which were based on LAGEOS SLR analyses.

References

  • Aoki, S., B. Guinot, G. H. Kaplan, H. Kinoshita, D. D. McCarthy, and P. K. Seidelmann, The new definition of universal time, Astron. Astrophys., 105, 359–361, 1982.

    Google Scholar 

  • Argus, D. F. and G. A. Lyzenga, Constraints on interseismic deformation at Japan Trench from VLBI data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 611–614, 1993.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Barlier, R., C. Berger, J. Falin, G. Kockarts, and G. Thuillier, Atmospheric model based on satellite drag data, Ann. Geophys., 34, 9–24, 1978.

    Google Scholar 

  • Boucher, C., Z. Altamimi, and L. Duhem, Results and Analysis of the ITRF93, IERS Technical Note 18, Observatoire de Paris, Paris, 1994.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cenci, A., M. Fermi, C. Sciarretta, R. Devoti, and A. Caporali, Tectonic Motion in the Mediterranean Area from Laser Ranging to LAGEOS, in Contribution of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics: Crustal Dynamics, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, pp. 347–358, Geodynamics Series, AGU, Washington, D.C., U.S.A., 1993.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Channell, J. E. T., B. D’Argenio, and F. Horvath, Adria, the African promontory, Mesozoic Mediterranean paleogeography, Earth Sci. Rev., 15, 213–292, 1979.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cheng, M. K., R. J. Eanes, C. K. Shum, B. E. Schutz, and B. D. Tapley, Ocean tide model for satellite orbit determination, The 12th International Symposium on Earth Tides, Beijing, China, Aug. 4, 1993.

  • Christodoulidis, D. C., D. E. Smith, R. Kolenkiewicz, S. M. Klosko, M. H. Torrence, and P. J. Dunn, Observing tectonic plate motions and deformations from satellite Laser Ranging, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 9249–9263, 1985.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • DeMets, C., R. G. Gordon, D. F. Argus, and S. Stein, Current plate motions, Geophys. J. Int., 101, 425–478, 1990.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • DeMets, C., R. G. Gordon, D. F. Argus, and S. Stein, Effect of recent revisions to the geomagnetic reversal time scale on estimates of current plate motions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2191–2194, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dixon, T. H., GPS measurement of relative motion of the Cocos and Caribbean plates and strain accumulation across the middle America trench, Geophys. Res. Lett., 20, 2167–2170, 1991.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Eanes, R. J. and M. M. Watkins, Earth orientation and site coordinates from the Center for Space Research Solution, Earth orientation, reference frames and atmospheric excitation functions submitted for the 1993 IERS Annual report, IERS Tech. Note 17, Central Bureau of IERS, Observatoire de Paris, Paris, France, 1994.

  • Fallon, F. W. and W. H. Dillinger, Crustal velocities from geodetic very long baseline interferometry, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 7129–7136, 1992.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Feigl, K. L., D. C. Agnew, Y. Bock, D. Dong, A. Donnellan, B. H. Hager, T. A. Herring, D. D. Jackson, T. H. Jordan, R. W. King, S. Larsen, K. M. Larson, M. H. Murray, Z. Shen, and F. H. Webb, Space Geodetic Measurement of Crustal Deformation in Central and Southern California, 1984–1992, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 21677–21712, 1993.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gordon, D., C. Ma, and J. W. Ryan, Results from the CDP Mobile VLBI Program in the Western United States, in Crustal Dynamics, Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, Geodynamics Series, 23, pp. 131–138, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 1993.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Harrison, C. G. A. and N. B. Douglas, Satellite Laser Ranging and geological constraints on plate motions, Tectonics, 9, 935–952, 1990.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Holdridge, D. B., An Alternate Expression for Light Time Using General Relativity, JPL Space Program Summary 37–48, III, 2–4, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NASA, Pasadena, CA, U.S.A., 1967.

    Google Scholar 

  • Knocke, P. and J. C. Ries, Earth radiation pressure effects on satellites, Center for Space Research, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, U.S.A., 1987.

    Google Scholar 

  • Larson, K. M. and J. Freymueller, Relative motions of the Australian, Pacific, and Antarctic plates using the Global Positioning System, Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 37–40, 1995.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lerch, F., R. Nerem, B. Putney, T. Felstentreger, B. Sanchez, S. Klosko, G. Patel, R. Williamson, D. Chinn, J. Chan, K. Rachlin, N. Chandler, J. McCarthy, J. Marshall, S. Luthcke, D. Pavlis, J. Robbins, S. Kapoor, and E. Pavlis, NASA Tech. Memo. 104555, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD, 1992.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lieske, J. H., T. Lederle, W. Fricke, and B. Morando, Expression for the precession quantities based upon the IAU (1976) system of astronomical constants, Astron. Astrophys., 58, 1–16, 1977.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lisowski, M., Recent plate motions and crustal deformation, Rev. Geophys., 29, 162–171, 1991.

    Google Scholar 

  • Mantovani, E., D. Babbucci, D. Albarello, and M. Mucciarelli, Deformation pattern in the central Mediterranean and behavior of the African/Adriatic promontory, Tectonophysics, 179, 63–79, 1990.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Marini, J. W. and C. W. Murray, Jr., Correction of laser range tracking data for atmospheric refraction at elevation above 10 degrees, Rep. X-591-73-351, Goddard Space Flight Center, NASA, Greenbelt, MD, November 1973.

    Google Scholar 

  • McCarthy, D. D. (ed.), IERS Standards (1992), Central Bureau of IERS, Observatoire de Paris, Paris, France, 1992.

  • McMillan, J. D., Mathematical Specifications of the University of Texas Orbit Processor and Application to the Laser Observations of the Beacon Explorer Satellite, AMRL 1052, Applied Mechanics Laboratory, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, U.S.A., 1973.

    Google Scholar 

  • Minster, J. B. and T. H. Jordan, Present-day plate motions, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 5331–5354, 1978.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Newhall, X. X., E. M. Standish, and J. G. Williams, DE-102, a numerically integrated ephemeris of the moon and the planets spanning forty-four centuries, Astron. Astrophys., 125, 150–167, 1983.

    Google Scholar 

  • Noomen, R., B. A. C. Ambrosius, and K. F. Wakker, Crustal motions in the Mediterranean Region determined from Laser Ranging to LAGEOS, in Crustal Dynamics, Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, Geodynamics Series, 23, pp. 331–346, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 1993.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Noomen, R., T. A. Springer, B. A. C. Ambrosius, K. Herzberger, D. C. Kuijper, G.-J. Mets, B. Overgaauw, and K. F. Wakker, Crustal deformations in the Mediterranean area computed from SLR and GPS observations, J. Geodyn., 21, 73–96, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Press, W. H., S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Receipes, 2nd ed., 653 pp., Cambridge Univ. Press, N.Y., U.S.A., 1986.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ries, J. C., C. Huang, and M. M. Watkins, Effect of general relativity on a near-Earth satellite in the geocentric and barycentric reference frames, Phys. Rev. Lett., 61, 903–906, 1988.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Robaudo, S. and C. G. A. Harrison, Plate Tectonics from SLR and VLBI global data, in Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics: Crustal Dynamics, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, pp. 51–71, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., U.S.A., 1993.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Robbins, J. W., D. E. Smith, and C. Ma, Horizontal crustal deformation and large scale plate motions inferred from space geodetic techniques, in Crustal Dynamics, Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, Geodynamics Series, 23, pp. 21–36, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 1993.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Ryan, J. W., T. A. Clark, C. Ma, D. Gordon, D. S. Caprette, and W. E. Himwich, Global scale tectonic plate motions measured with CDP VLBI data, in Crustal Dynamics, Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, Geodynamics Series, 23, pp. 37–49, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 1993a.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Ryan, J. W., C. Ma, and D. S. Caprette, NASA space geodesy program—GSFC data analysis—1992, NASA Tech. Memo., 104572, 471, 1993b.

  • Sasaki, M., Study of the earth’s dynamics by means of satellite laser ranging techniques, Rep. Hydrogr. Res., 26, 99–187, 1990.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sasaki, M. and H. Hashimoto, Launch and observation program of the experimental geodetic satellite of Japan, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, GE-25, 5, 526–533, 1987.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sasaki, M. and A. Sengoku, SLR observation and data analysis made by the Hydrographic Department of Japan in the last decade and the motion of the Simosato site, Proc. of the International Workshop for Reference Frame Establishment and Technical Development in Space Geodesy (iRiS ’93 TOKYO), pp. 134–141, Communications Research Lab., Tokyo, Jan. 18–21, 1993.

    Google Scholar 

  • Saucier, F. and E. Humphreys, Horizontal crustal deformation in Southern California from joint models of geologic and very long baseline interferometry measurements, in Crustal Dynamics, Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, Geodynamics Series, 23, pp. 139–176, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 1993.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Sengoku, A., Determination of the precise positions of Titi Sima and Isigaki Sima by satellite laser ranging, Rep. Hydrogr. Res., 27, 181–195, 1991.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sengoku, A., Estimation of the positions of the first order control points from global analysis of Ajisai and LAGEOS SLR data, Rep. Hydrogr. Res., 33, 53–60, 1997.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sengoku, A., M. Cheng, and B. E. Schutz, Anisotropic reflection effect on satellite, Ajisai, J. Geod., 70, 140–145, 1995.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Seno, T., S. Stein, and A. E. Gripp, A model for the motion of the Philippine Sea plate consistent with NUVEL-1 and geological data, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 17941–17948, 1993.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Sinclair, A. T. and G. M. Appleby, A short-arc method for determination of station coordinates and baselines applied to the Mediterranean Area, in Crustal Dynamics, Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, Geodynamics Series, 23, pp. 389–396, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 1993.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Smith, D. E., R. Kolenkiewicz, P. J. Dunn, and M. H. Torrence, The measurement of fault motion by satellite laser ranging, Tectonophysics, 52, 59–67, 1979.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Smith, D. E., R. Kolenkiewicz, P. J. Dunn, J. W. Robbins, M. H. Torrence, S. M. Klosko, R. G. Williamson, E. C. Pavlis, N. B. Douglas, and S. K. Fricke, Tectonic motion and deformation from satellite laser ranging to LAGEOS, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 22013–22041, 1990.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Smith D. E., R. Kolenkiewicz, P. J. Dunn, S. M. Klosko, J. W. Robbins, M. H. Torrence, R. G. Williamson, E. C. Pavlis, N. B. Douglas, and S. K. Fricke, LAGEOS Geodetic Analysis-SL7.1, NASA Tech. Memo., 104549, NASA, 1991.

    Google Scholar 

  • Smith, D. E., J. W. Robbins, and C. Ma, Large-scale plate behavior and horizontal crustal deformation inferred from space geodetic techniques, International Workshop on Global Positioning System in Geosciences, Crete, 1992.

    Google Scholar 

  • Smith, D. E., R. Kolenkiewicz, J. W. Robbins, P. J. Dunn, M. H. Torrence, R. G. Williamson, and M. B. Heflin, Kinematics of Deformation Zones Determined by Space Geodesy, XXI IUGG General Assembly, Boulder, CO, U.S.A., 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tapley, B. D., B. E. Schutz, and R. J. Eanes, Station coordinates, baselines, and Earth rotation from LAGEOS Laser Ranging: 1976–1984, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 9235–9248, 1985.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tapley, B. D., M. M. Watkins, J. C. Ries, G. W. Davis, R. J. Eanes, S. R. Poole, H. J. Rim, B. E. Schutz, C. K. Shum, R. S. Nerem, F. J. Lerch, E. Pavlis, S. M. Klosko, N. K. Pavlis, and R. G. Williamson, The JGM-3 Gravity Model, XIX General Assembly of the European Geophysical Society, Grenoble, France, April 25–29, 1994.

    Google Scholar 

  • Tsuji, H., Detection of plate motions around Japan based on daily GPS measurements, J. Geod. Soc. Japan, 41, 47–73, 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wahr, J. M., The forced nutations of an elliptical, rotating, elastic, and oceanless Earth, Gephys. J. Roy. Astron. Soc., 64, 705–727, 1981.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ward, S. N., North-America-Pacific plate boundary, and elastic-plastic megashear: Evidence from very long baseline interferometry, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 7716–7728, 1988.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Watkins, M. M., Tracking station coordinates and their temporal evolution as determined from laser ranging to the LAGEOS satellite, CSR-90-1, Center for Space Research, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, U.S.A., 1990.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wessel, P. and W. H. F. Smith, Free software helps map and display data, EOS Trans. Amer. Geophys. U., 72, 441, 445–446, 1991.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Wilson, P. and E. Reinhart, The Wegener-Medlas Project preliminary results on the determination of the geokinematics of the Eastern Mediterranean, in Crustal Dynamics, Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, Geodynamics Series, 23, pp. 299–309, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 1993.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Zerbini, S., Crustal motions from short-arc analysis of LAGEOS data, in Crustal Dynamics, Contributions of Space Geodesy to Geodynamics, edited by D. E. Smith and D. L. Turcotte, Geodynamics Series, 23, pp. 371–387, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C., 1993.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Arata Sengoku.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sengoku, A. A plate motion study using Ajisai SLR data. Earth Planet Sp 50, 611–627 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352156

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352156

Keywords

  • Global Position System
  • Very Long Baseline Interferometry
  • Plate Motion
  • Satellite Laser Range
  • Terrestrial Reference Frame