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Development of instruments for seafloor geodesy
Earth, Planets and Space volume 50, pages905–911(1998)
We have developed systems for measuring differential displacements across a fault zone, and examined their resolutions through seafloor experiments at relatively short baselines. A system for a seafloor extensometer makes use of precise acoustic ranging with a linear pulse compression technique. The system has a resolution better than 1 cm in acoustic ranging over a baseline of at least 1 km. The most critical problem is correction for temperature variations, and we estimate that the effect can be corrected with cm-order accuracy in the case of a deep-sea experiment. We have also examined a leveling system on the seafloor using an array of ocean bottom pressure gauges and an ocean bottom gravimeter to detect differential vertical motion. The system is estimated to have a resolution of several centimeters in vertical displacement. These system will be useful for triangulation and leveling on the seafloor, but we need further studies over a longer baseline and to achieve better long-term stability.
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Fujimoto, H., Koizumi, K., Osada, Y. et al. Development of instruments for seafloor geodesy. Earth Planet Sp 50, 905–911 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352186
- Crustal Deformation
- Earth Tide
- Baseline Length
- Pseudorandom Noise
- Ocean Bottom Pressure