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  • Open Access

Investigation of time dependent inner core structure by the analysis of free oscillation spectra

Earth, Planets and Space201450:BF03352195

Received: 20 April 1998

Accepted: 11 August 1998

Published: 6 June 2014


Proposals that the seismic structure of the Earth’s inner core is time-dependent are investigated using the splitting functions of free oscillations, determined from seismic data recorded over some 20 years. It is shown that the data support some time-dependence, although the paucity of the data for the 1970’s and 1980’s makes it difficult to be certain of the precise form of such time dependence. The data do not support a positive (i.e. West-to-East) rotation; rather, the inferred rotational component of the time-dependent inner core structure is negative (i.e. East-to-West), and varies according to the mode under consideration from less than 1° per year to more than 2° per year. The analysis suggests that inner core structure is time-dependent but that the dependence is not well explained by differential rotation of the inner core. This kind of analysis will become much more powerful with increasing quantities of data over a longer time span.


Rotation RateCore StructureInner CoreDifferential RotationCore Mode