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MHD wave characteristics inferred from correlations between X-rays, VLF, and ULFs at Syowa Station, Antarctica and Tjörnes, Iceland (L6)

Abstract

The Polar Patrol Balloon No. 6 (PPB#6) observed quasi-periodic pulsations of bremsstrahlung X-rays (E 30120 keV) in the daytime of 0855 UT (0914 MLT) 1630 UT (1614 MLT) on January 5, 1993, near Syowa Station, Antarctica (L6). The X-ray pulsations near the noon (1208:00 UT (1216 MLT) 1225:04 UT (1232 MLT)) include a period of about 260 sec, which corresponds to Pc 5 magnetic pulsations. It was found that at Syowa Station and Tjörnes, Iceland, which are both pair locations of the geomagnetic conjugacy, the X-ray pulsations are in correlation with the ULF-D pulsations. Also the Tjörnes VLF (2 kHz) pulsations correlated well with the X-ray pulsations of the period corresponding to Pc 5. It is probable that the VLF- and ULF-associated X-rays or precipitating energetic electrons in the vicinity of the L 6 shell are in synchronization with the electron-cyclotron resonance. Lastly, the so-called ballooning-mirror instability (the BMI) is a candidate to explain the compressional MHD waves that occur during the short time interval (1216 MLT 1232 MLT) in which the experimental results were interpreted.

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Correspondence to Yo Hirasima.

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Hirasima, Y., Shimobayashi, H., Yamagishi, H. et al. MHD wave characteristics inferred from correlations between X-rays, VLF, and ULFs at Syowa Station, Antarctica and Tjörnes, Iceland (L6). Earth Planet Sp 51, 33–41 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352207

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352207

Keywords

  • Energetic Electron
  • Magnetic Pulsation
  • Geomagnetic Pulsation
  • Magnetic Local Time
  • Whistler Mode