- Open Access
Helium observation in the Martian ionosphere by an X-ray ultraviolet scanner on Mars orbiter NOZOMI
Earth, Planets and Space volume 51, pages 61–70 (1999)
We have built an X-ray ultraviolet (XUV) scanner on board Mars orbiter NOZOMI (Planet-B). This scanner has the He I and II emissions from the Martian atmosphere and ionosphere as its main target. These EUV emissions provide important information for the study of both Martian geological history and the interaction between solar wind and the Martian ionosphere. The XUV scanner will be operated in the parking orbit around the earth and also in the transfer orbit to Mars, where the terrestrial plasmasphere and interplanetary emissions will be studied.
Banks, P. M., A. F. Nagy, and W. I. Axford, Dynamical behavior of thermal protons in the mid-latitude ionosphere and magnetosphere, Planet. Space Sci., 19, 1053–1067, 1971.
Barabash, S. and O. Norberg, Indirect detection of the Martian helium corona, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 1547–1550, 1994.
Barabash, S., E. Kallio, R. Lundin, and H. Koskinen, Measurements of nonthermal helium escape from Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 21307–21316, 1995.
Brandt, J. C. and J. W. Chamberlain, Interplanetary gas, 1, hydrogen radiation in the night sky, Astrophys. J., 130, 670–682, 1959.
Krasnopolsky, V. A., S. Bowyer, S. Chakrabarti, G. R. Gladstone, and J. S. McDonald, First measurement of helium on Mars: Implications for the problem of radiogenic gases on the terrestrial planets, Icarus, 109, 337–351, 1994.
Luhmann, J. G. and L. H. Brace, Near-Mars space, Rev. Geophys., 29, 121–140, 1991.
Luhmann, J. G. and J. U. Kozyra, Dayside pickup oxygenion precipitation at Venus and Mars: Spatial distributions, energy deposition, and consequences, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 5457–5467, 1991.
Meier, R. R., Ultraviolet spectroscopy and remote sensing of the upper atmosphere, Space Sci. Rev., 58, 1–185, 1991.
Norberg, O., M. Yamauchi, R. Lundin, S. Olsen, H. Borg, S. Barabash, M. Hirahara, T. Mukai, and H. Hayakawa, The Ion Mass Imager on the Planet-B spacecraft, Earth Planets Space, 50, 199–206, 1998.
Sasaki, S. and E. Tajika, Degassing history and evolution of volcanic activities of terrestrial planets based on radiogenic noble gas degassing model, in Volatiles in the Earth and Solar System, AIP Conference Proceedings 341, edited by K. A. Farley, pp. 186–199, American Institute of Physics, 1995.
Torr, M. R., D. G. Torr, R. A. Ong, and H. E. Hinteregger, Ionization frequencies for major thermospheric constituents as a function of solar cycle 21, Geophys. Res. Lett., 6, 771–774, 1979.
Williams, D. J., E. C. Roelof, and D. G. Mitchell, Global magnetospheric imaging, Rev. Geophys., 30, 183–208, 1992.
About this article
Cite this article
Nakamura, M., Yamashita, K., Yoshikawa, I. et al. Helium observation in the Martian ionosphere by an X-ray ultraviolet scanner on Mars orbiter NOZOMI. Earth Planet Sp 51, 61–70 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352210
- Solar Wind
- Solar Wind Speed
- Martian Atmosphere
- Parking Orbit
- Martian Ionosphere