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Magnetic structure of the southern Boso Peninsula, Honshu, Japan, and its implications for the formation of the Mineoka Ophiolite Belt

Abstract

We conducted onshore and offshore magnetic surveys on and around the southern Boso Peninsula, Honshu, Japan, and observed prominent large amplitude anomalies along the Mineoka Ophiolite Belt, and long wavelength low anomalies to the south of the belt containing short wavelength isolated anomalies. The magnetic structure was modeled by using three-dimensional magnetic prisms and basement with about 1 A/m of magnetization. At the Mineoka Belt, the top of the magnetic prisms is located at the ground surface, and these bodies are elongate in the vertical direction, with high angle magnetic inclinations. Magnetic basement exists at shallow depth beneath the belt. The magnetic basement traces the bottom surfaces of the magnetic prisms and forms a graben structure. In the south of the Mineoka Belt, thin sheet-like magnetic prisms with low magnetic inclinations are assumed at 1–3 km depth. The magnetic structure implies the tectonic process of the formation of the Mineoka Ophiolite Belt. The belt could be fragmented pieces of an oceanic plate emplaced at a paleo-plate boundary, which originated in low latitude and was transported by obduction to the present place via northward drift.

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Correspondence to Toshiya Fujiwara.

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Fujiwara, T., Kinoshita, H. & Morijiri, R. Magnetic structure of the southern Boso Peninsula, Honshu, Japan, and its implications for the formation of the Mineoka Ophiolite Belt. Earth Planet Sp 51, 413–424 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352245

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Keywords

  • Magnetic Anomaly
  • Natural Remanent Magnetization
  • International Geomagnetic Reference Field
  • Ophiolitic Rock
  • Japan International Cooperation Agency