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  • Article
  • Open Access

Paleomagnetic study of Utror Volcanic Formation: Remagnetizations and postfolding rotations in Utror area, Kohistan arc, northern Pakistan

Earth, Planets and Space201452:BF03352254

  • Received: 13 March 1999
  • Accepted: 28 April 2000
  • Published:


The Utror Volcanic Formation forms a NE-SW belt with in Kohistan island arc, which lies between the Indian and Eurasian continents in the western Himalayas of northern Pakistan. The Utror Volcanic Formation formed during Late Paleocene, when Kohistan existedas an Andean-type arc on the southern margin of Eurasia. Five to ten block samples were collected from 17 sites of the formation for paleomagnetic studies. Magnetic minerals that serve as remanent carriers are maghemite, magnetite, hematite and titanohematite. Magnetite, hematite, and titanohematite carry the characteristic remanent magnetization (ChRM). The declination values of ChRM are highly discordant before and after structural correction. While inclination values show uniformity in geographic coordinates. The ChRM carried by magnetite yields downward inclinations, whereas the ChRM carried by hematite or titanohematite have upward inclinations in geographic coordinates. The correlation between polarity state and magnetic mineralogy suggests that the acquisition of magnetization occurred during two distinct time intervals. An inclination only fold test of ChRM of these two mineral assemblages indicates that they are post-folding magnetizations. The calculated paleolatitudes for ChRM carried by magnetite and hematite or titanohematite are 9±4°N and 13±4°N respectively. A comparison of these paleolatitudes with the Indian apparent polar wander path (APWP) shows that the remagnetization likely happened between 55 to 45 Ma. Discordant declinations indicate that these volcanics suffered local rotations after remagnetization event.


  • Magnetite
  • Hematite
  • Remanent Magnetization
  • Maghemite
  • Natural Remanent Magnetization