Special Issue: Application of GPS and other space geodetic techniques to Earth Sciences (1)
- Open Access
Preliminary results from permanent GPS array by the Geological Survey of Japan in conjunction with groundwater-level observations
Earth, Planets and Space volume 52, pages 663–668 (2000)
A regional continuous Global Positioning System (GPS) array, consisting of uniform antenna type, has been established by the Geological Survey of Japan (GSJ) mainly around the Kansai district. Geodetic results for 2.5 years data are as follows. In comparison with the solutions obtained from the Geographical Survey Institute (GSI) continuous GPS array which employs different type of antenna from the GSJ’s array, it was found that the agreements between the daily positions were about 10 mm in horizontal and 15 to 20 mm in vertical components. This result indicates that the influence of the antenna type difference is at this level. The GSJ’s GPS stations around the Kansai district were found to have a common annual variation in the vertical component, whose amplitude was different from site to site. There were small correlations with in situ measurements of groundwater-level variation, except for the two stations whose annual variations of the GPS vertical component were the largest. The vertical displacements due to elastic deformation by groundwater-pressure changes in the aquifers were estimated using a simple model, but they were too small to account for the observed variations.
Elósegui, P., J. L. Davis, R. T. K. Jaldehag, J. M. Johansson, A. E. Niell, and I. I. Shapiro, Geodesy using the Global Positioning System: The effects of signal scattering on estimates of site position, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 9921–9934, 1995.
Geographical Survey Institute, Crustal deformations in the Boso peninsula, in Report of the Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction, edited by Geographical Survey Institute, 57, pp. 223–236, Geographical Survey Institute, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 1997 (in Japanese).
Heki, K., S. Miyazaki, and H. Tsuji, Silent fault slip following an interplate thrust earthquake at the Japan Trench, Nature, 386, 595–598, 1997.
Jaldehag, R. T. K., J. M. Johansson, B. O. Ronnang, P. Elosegui, J.L. Davis., I.I. Shapiro, and A. E. Niell, Geodesy using the Swedish permanent GPS network: Effects of signal scattering on estimates of relative site positions, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 17841–17860, 1996.
Koide, H., M. Takahashi, T. Kanema, and Z. Xue, Compaction and expansion of sedimentary rocks due to the pore water pressure change and their effect on subsidence and re-upheaval, J. Japan Society of Engineering Geology, 30, 15–25, 1989 (in Japanese).
Koizumi, N., E. Tsukuda, M. Takahashi, T. Sato, N. Matsumoto, H. Ito, Y. Kuwahara, A. Cho, and T. Satoh, Groundwater level observation of Geological Survey of Japan in and around the Kinki district, Japan for earthquake prediction research, J. Balneological Soc. Japan, 49, 18–33, 1999 (in Japanese).
Lanyi, G., Tropospheric delay effects in radio interferometry, in Tracking and Data Acquisition Prog. Rept. 42–78, vol. April–June 1984, pp. 152–159, Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena, Calif, 1984.
Matsumoto, N., Variation of groundwater level in the Tokai region, Chikyu Monthly, 14, 33–41, 1996 (in Japanese).
Matsumoto, N., Comparison of ground water level and heights relative to Kakegawa in Hamaoka, Shizuoka, in Report of the Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction, edited by Geographical Survey Institute, 59, pp. 357–363, Geographical Survey Institute, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, 1998 (in Japanese).
Meertens, C., C. Alber, J. Braun, C. Rocken, B. Stephens, R.Ware, M. Exner, and P. Kolesnikoff, Field and anechoic chamber tests of GPS antennas, in Proc. International GPS Service for Geodynamics Analysis Center Workshop, 1996, edited by R. E. Neilan, P. A. Van Scoy, and J. F. Zumberge, pp. 107–118, Jet Propulsion Lab. Pasadena, Calif, 1997.
Miyazaki, S. and Y. Hatanaka, Crustal deformation observed by GSI’s new GPS array, EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 78(17), S104, 1997.
Miyazaki, S., T. Saito, M. Sasaki, Y. Hatanaka, and Y. Iimura, Expansion of GSI’s nationwide GPS array, Bull. of the Geographical Survey Institute, 43, 23–34, 1997.
Niell, A. E., Global mapping functions for the atmosphere delay at radio wavelengths, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 3227–3246, 1996.
Roeloffs, E. A., Hydrologic precursors to earthquakes: a review, Pure Appl. Geophys., 126, 177–206, 1988.
Rojstaczer, S. A., Determination of fluid flow properties from the response of water levels in wells to atmospheric loading, Water Resource Res., 24, 1927–1938, 1988.
Sagiya, T., Interplate coupling in the Tokai district, central Japan, deduced from continuous GPS data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 2315–2318, 1999.
Sengoku, A. and T. Sato, Ocean loading site displacement around Japan, in Report of Hydrographic Researches, 32, pp. 129–135, Hydrographic Department of Japan, Tsukiji, Tokyo, 1996 (in Japanese).
Sengoku, A., T. Sato, Y. Hatanaka, S. Miyazaki, and S. Shimada, Deformation due to atmospheric loading and GPS, in Proc. of GPS Joint Symposium, Nov. 30–Dec. 2, 1998, p. 18, Kyoto Univ., Uji, Kyoto, 1998 (in Japanese).
Tada, T., Is the western margin of Fossa-magna a plate boundary? (2), Programme Abstr. Annu. Meet. Seismol. Soc. Jpn., 2, B33, 1996 (in Japanese).
Tsukuda, E., M. Takahashi, T. Sato, N. Matsumoto, and H. Ito, Groundwater observation network system for earthquake prediction research of the Geological Survey of Japan — New observation wells in the Kinki district —, Chishitsu News, 505, 11–15, 1996 (in Japanese).
Webb, F. H. and J. F. Zumberge, An introduction to the GIPSY/OASIS-II, JPL Publ., D-11088, Jet Propulsion Lab. Pasadena, Calif., 1993.
Zumberge, J. F., M. B. Heflin, D. C. Jefferson, M. M. Watkins, and F. H. Webb, Jet Propulsion Laboratory IGS Analysis Center 1994 Annual Report, in International GPS Service for Geodynamics, 1994 Annu. Rep., edited by J. F. Zumberge, R. Liu, and R. E. Neilan, pp. 185–196, Jet Propulsion Lab., Pasadena, Calif, 1995.
About this article
Cite this article
Ohtani, R., Koizumi, N., Matsumoto, N. et al. Preliminary results from permanent GPS array by the Geological Survey of Japan in conjunction with groundwater-level observations. Earth Planet Sp 52, 663–668 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352260
- Global Position System
- Groundwater Level
- Annual Variation
- Global Position System Station
- Zenith Total Delay