Skip to content


Open Access

Improving the velocity field in South and South-East Asia: The third round of GEODYSSEA

  • M. Becker1Email author,
  • E. Reinhart1,
  • Soeb Bin Nordin1,
  • D. Angermann2,
  • G. Michel2 and
  • C. Reigber2
Earth, Planets and Space201452:BF03352271

Received: 17 January 2000

Accepted: 14 June 2000

Published: 24 June 2014


In the framework of the GEODYnamics of South and South-East Asia (GEODYSSEA) project a network of 42 stations was observed by GPS during two field campaigns in 1994 and 1996. BKG and GFZ realized a third observation of the complete network in 1998. The data was analyzed independently by two analysis centers and a precision of the coordinate solutions was found to be 4–7 mm for the horizontal, and 10 mm for the vertical component. Subsequently, these campaign solutions were merged into one unique solution, which was accurately mapped into the International Terrestrial Reference Frame of 1997 (ITRF97). The global accuracy of this solution with respect to ITRF97 is of the order of 10 mm, while the resolution of the relative horizontal velocities is estimated to be at the level of 2–3 mm/yr. Comparison of the new solution with the previously published GEODYSSEA solution indicates, that improved results for the motion of Sundaland, South China and the overall deformation in the area could be found. Improvements are due to the increased time span and due to a better connection to and the advances in the ITRF reference frame. The new set of coordinates and velocities is used as the basis for scientific interpretations, which have been and will be published in separate papers.


International Terrestrial ReferenceZenith Path DelayPhase Center CorrectionPhilippine FaultBernese Software