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Volume 52 Supplement 11

Special Issue: Application of GPS and other space geodetic techniques to Earth Sciences (2)

Characteristics of TEC variations observed at Chofu for geomagnetic storms

Abstract

Since the middle of 1996, we have made a routine observation of TEC using GPS in Chofu (35.65°N, 139.54°E), Tokyo. We examine in this paper the relationship between the perturbation components of TEC and geomagnetic field variations during 11 storm events for 1997–1998 to clarify the mid-latitude characteristics of TEC variations at the time of magnetic storms. The perturbation components of TEC were derived every 20 seconds by subtracting quiet-time TEC values which are estimated as the average of both 3 days just before and after the storm period. The magnetic field data from Memambetsu Magnetic Observatory (45.92°N, 144.20°E) are used for the identification of the storm-time variations. Our results show that (1) the amplitude level of the TEC variation tends to increase during the first 24 hr of storm and then decrease below its usual-day level with recovery in one or two days later for the typical magnetic storm, and (2) during a negative-value phase of the TEC variation, which follows the initial positive hump structure, the perturbation amplitude of TEC shows a remarkable reduction in summer compared to in winter.

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Correspondence to A. Yamamoto.

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Yamamoto, A., Ohta, Y., Okuzawa, T. et al. Characteristics of TEC variations observed at Chofu for geomagnetic storms. Earth Planet Sp 52, 1073–1076 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352333

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352333

Keywords

  • Total Electron Content
  • Storm Event
  • Magnetic Storm
  • Geomagnetic Storm
  • Total Electron Content Variation