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Characteristics of TEC variations observed at Chofu for geomagnetic storms


Since the middle of 1996, we have made a routine observation of TEC using GPS in Chofu (35.65°N, 139.54°E), Tokyo. We examine in this paper the relationship between the perturbation components of TEC and geomagnetic field variations during 11 storm events for 1997–1998 to clarify the mid-latitude characteristics of TEC variations at the time of magnetic storms. The perturbation components of TEC were derived every 20 seconds by subtracting quiet-time TEC values which are estimated as the average of both 3 days just before and after the storm period. The magnetic field data from Memambetsu Magnetic Observatory (45.92°N, 144.20°E) are used for the identification of the storm-time variations. Our results show that (1) the amplitude level of the TEC variation tends to increase during the first 24 hr of storm and then decrease below its usual-day level with recovery in one or two days later for the typical magnetic storm, and (2) during a negative-value phase of the TEC variation, which follows the initial positive hump structure, the perturbation amplitude of TEC shows a remarkable reduction in summer compared to in winter.


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Correspondence to A. Yamamoto.

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Yamamoto, A., Ohta, Y., Okuzawa, T. et al. Characteristics of TEC variations observed at Chofu for geomagnetic storms. Earth Planet Sp 52, 1073–1076 (2000).

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  • Total Electron Content
  • Storm Event
  • Magnetic Storm
  • Geomagnetic Storm
  • Total Electron Content Variation