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Open Access

Viscous magnetization of loess/palaeosol samples from Bulgaria

Earth, Planets and Space201453:BF03352374

Received: 6 June 2000

Accepted: 1 December 2000

Published: 6 June 2014


The processes of acquisition of viscous remanence and its decay in zero magnetic field are studied for three sets of palaeosol and loess samples. A linear behaviour of VRM vs. log t minus is obtained for 10–104 min. to 30 days of acquisition experiments. Linear correlation between the obtained coefficients of viscous acquisition normalized to saturation magnetization (Sa/Js) or frequency dependent magnetic susceptibility (Sa/χfd%) and the ratio of susceptibility to saturation magnetization (χ/Js), suggests that ultra fine SP/SD grains are mainly involved in the process of viscous acquisition. Non-linear VRM vs. log t behaviour is observed during viscous decay in μ-metal shielded space, being most pronounced for the first 10 min. of the experiment. It is supposed that this phenomena is due to the presence of composite grains (core/shell structure), formed as a result of low-temperature oxidation. The latter increases towards older palaeosol units.


MagnetiteLoess SampleMagnetic ViscosityThermoremanent MagnetizationSpinner Magnetometer