Splay fault and megathrust earthquake slip in the Nankai Trough
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2001
Received: 13 August 1999
Accepted: 11 September 2000
Published: 18 June 2014
We consider whether splay fault slip may be a factor influencing the behavior of megathrust earthquakes in the Nankai Trough. Consideration of tsunami inversion results from other studies indicates that slip on one or more splay faults may be particularly important for the segment of the Nankai Trough offshore western Shikoku. These results suggest that during at least two megathrust earthquakes substantial slip may have occurred on one or more splay faults which cut the island arc crust over 100 km landward of the trench axis. In contrast to smaller subsidiary thrusts in the semi-consolidated and unconsolidated sediments very near the trough axis, the crustal faults considered here could accumulate and release considerable tectonic stress. Through a simple finite element calculation we demonstrate that slip on such faults can release some of the shear stress on the megathrust accumulated through plate subduction, and therefore may have some influence on the behavior of megathrust earthquakes.