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North-south asymmetry of the substorm intensity depending on the IMF B Y -component

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The dependence of maximum variations of H-component negative bays at magnetic conjugate stations on a sign of the IMF B Y -component during the substorms of small and moderate intensity with |ΔH|max < 750 nT developed at B Z < 0 and |B Z / B Y | < 1 has been studied. By data from Kotzebue (Φ = 64.5°; Λ = 249.7°) and Macquarie Isl. (Φ = −64.5°; Λ = 247.8°) observatories in the eastern hemisphere and Leirvogur (Φ = 65.3°; Λ = 68.2°) and Syowa (Φ = −66.1°; Λ = 71.0°) stations in the western hemisphere it is shown that at B Y < 0 the absolute values of negative bays |ΔH|max are greater in the southern hemisphere and at B Y > 0, on the contrary, in the northern hemisphere.


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Velichko, V.A., Boroyev, R.N., Gelberg, M.G. et al. North-south asymmetry of the substorm intensity depending on the IMF B Y -component. Earth Planet Sp 54, 955–961 (2002) doi:10.1186/BF03352443

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  • Solar Wind
  • Southern Hemisphere
  • Substorm Onset
  • Polar Ionosphere
  • Substorm Current Wedge