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Open Access

Atmospheric quasi-14 month fluctuation and excitation of the Chandler wobble

  • Yuichi Aoyama1Email author,
  • Isao Naito2,
  • Tetsuya Iwabuchi3, 4 and
  • Nobuo Yamazaki3
Earth, Planets and Space201455:BF03352480

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352480

Received: 18 November 2003

Accepted: 26 December 2003

Published: 24 June 2014

Abstract

A quasi-14 month fluctuation in the atmospheric excitation function for the Earth’s wobble is discussed by using the re-analysis data of the European Center for Medium-range Weather Forecast for the 14 years between 1980 and 1993. The spectrum of the atmospheric wind excitation function shows a striking peak near the 14-month period. As a result, the atmospheric (wind plus pressure) excitation function shows exactly the same power as that of the geodetic excitation function inferred from the observed wobble at the Chandler wobble frequency (about 14 months), suggesting that the atmosphere excited the Chandler wobble between 1980 and 1993. The wind fluctuation comes mostly from the tropospheric wind.

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