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Continuous dynamic response along a pre-existing structural discontinuity induced by the 2001 eruption at Mt. Etna

Abstract

The intrusive process of the 2001 Mt. Etna eruption was accompanied by marked ground deformation and relevant seismic activity recorded between 12 and 17 of July (INGV-CT, 2001). At the same time, extensometer data evidenced the re-activation of a dry surface failure zone on the high south-eastern sector of Mt. Etna; this fracture system, formed in 1989, has been related to the propagation of a shallow blade-like dike along a NNESSW discontinuity (Bonaccorso and Davis, 1993; Bianco et al., 1998). The NNW-SSE discontinuity represents a complex low cohesion structure in which deformation may concentrate. Displacement measurements recorded on the surface fracture and the constraints obtained from seismicity show that the intrusion phase of the 2001 eruption has forced the NNE-SSW structure to move continuously with prevalent left-lateral displacement from a depth of 2–2.5 km b. s. l. to the surface with a compositive slip of about 3–5 centimeters.

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Correspondence to Salvatore Gambino.

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Gambino, S. Continuous dynamic response along a pre-existing structural discontinuity induced by the 2001 eruption at Mt. Etna. Earth Planet Sp 56, 447–456 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352497

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Key words

  • Rod strainmeter
  • volcanic fractures
  • seismicity
  • Mt. Etna 2001 eruption
  • ground displacement