Open Access

Three-dimensional P wave velocity structure of shallow crust beneath the northern Awaji Island derived from refraction seismic explosion

Earth, Planets and Space201456:BF03352500

Received: 24 September 2003

Accepted: 18 February 2004

Published: 24 June 2014


After the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu (Kobe) earthquake (M7.2), the Research Group for Explosion Seismology (RGES) conducted a refraction seismic experiment in the northern part of the Awaji Island in order to investigate a detailed structure around the source region. In the surveyed area, 145 temporal observation stations were deployed two-dimensionally at 200–250 meters intervals, and 7 shots of 150 kg charges were detonated. Using the first arrival times, we derived a three-dimensional P wave velocity structure of the shallow crust in this region. A dominant feature was the low velocity in the northern part of the region as compared with the southern part. The averages of velocities in the northern area were 4.1 km/s (at a depth of 0.09 km) and 4.5 km/s (at 0.49 km). In the southern region, these were 4.9 and 5.2 km/s, respectively. The study region was mostly within the Cretaceous granitic rocks, and we cannot find a difference in geology that corresponds to the velocity variation. On the other hand, the Bouguer anomaly and the resistivity distributions are consistent with the lateral velocity difference.

Key words

Seismic refractionHyogo-ken Nanbu (Kobe) earthquake3-D velocitygranitic rocks