Open Access

Ionization ledge structures observed in the equatorial anomaly region by using PPS system on-board the Ohzora (EXOS-C) satellite

Earth, Planets and Space201456:BF03352524

Received: 6 June 2004

Accepted: 20 July 2004

Published: 24 June 2014


To verify an additional ionization layer predicted in the equatorial ionosphere, topside ionograms obtained by the Planetary Plasma Sounder (PPS) system on-board the Ohzora (EXOS-C) satellite were analyzed. Based on the analysis of the PPS data of 8 passes in March and 11 passes in May, 1987, the ionization ledge observed in the local noon time period shows similar nature as it has been theoretically predicted for the F3 layer by Balan and Bailey (1995). It was noted that some peaks of the ledge structure were located on the field line of higher latitude region than the field line of the crest of the equatorial anomaly.

Key words

Equatorial ionospheretopside sounderOhzora (EXOS-C) satelliteF3 layerionization ledge