Experimental verification of photostability for free- and bound-amino acids exposed to γ-rays and UV irradiation
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2004
Received: 14 December 2003
Accepted: 13 June 2004
Published: 24 June 2014
The photo-stability of simulated free and bound amino acids exposed to photon sources of 1.2–1.3 MeV γ-rays from a 60C° source and ultra-violet (UV) irradiation from a 10 eV deuterium lamp was examined. The free amino acids in aqueous solution were drastically decreased while the bound amino acids in aqueous solution were slightly decreased with the duration of γ-rays and UV irradiation. The apparent half-lives (t1/2) of bound serine and threonine under γ-rays irradiation were more than 10.6 and 27.9 times as stable as the free amino acids, respectively. The photo-stability of bound amino acids was greater than that of free amino acids under irradiation by high-energy photons. These results strongly suggest that bound, but not free, amino acids could be found in extraterrestrial environments. Radio- or photo-alteration processes are mainly decomposition pathways, with the production of secondary amino acids via decomposition of the α-carboxylic group; β-alanine and γ-aminobutyric acids, α-decarboxylation products of aspartic acid and glutamic acid, respectively, were detected.