Tectonomagnetic study in the eastern part of Hokkaido, NE Japan: Discrepancy between observed and calculated results
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2004
Received: 23 February 2004
Accepted: 8 October 2004
Published: 22 June 2014
Continuous and repeated geomagnetic observations have been performed at 8 stations in the eastern part of Hokkaido, NE Japan, to confirm a detailed picture of geomagnetic secular changes. The observation delineated anomalously large secular changes of about 1 nT/year that have lasted at least for about 3 to 30 years (depending on the period of observations) at 3 stations situated in the remarkable geomagnetic anomaly region. Contributions from the earth’s core or ionospheric origin are ruled out as source mechanisms because of the local distribution of the anomalous stations. Heat-triggered volcanomagnetic effect cannot be the origin of such secular changes because the stations are quite far from the volcanoes. Instead, we propose the changes originate from stress-induced tectonomagnetic effect (piezomagnetism). We performed piezomagnetic modeling under the condition that observed regional tectonic stress has been applied to the highly magnetized rock bodies inferred from the analysis of the observed geomagnetic anomalies. The modeling explained well the secular changes by assuming the stress sensitivity of the order of 10−2 MPa−1, which is one order larger than the ordinarily used value.