Open Access

Detection of phase disturbances of free core nutation of the Earth and their concurrence with geomagnetic jerks

Earth, Planets and Space201457:BF03352559

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352559

Received: 27 July 2004

Accepted: 29 January 2005

Published: 21 June 2014

Abstract

We detected phase disturbances of the Free Core Nutation (FCN) of the Earth directly from the analysis of the Very Long Baseline Interferometer (VLBI) observation of the Earth rotation for the period 1984–2003 by applying the Weighted Wavelet Z-Transform (WWZ) method and the Short-time Periodogram with the Gabor function (SPG) method. During the period, the FCN had two significant phase disturbances in 1992 and 1998. These epochs coincide with the reported occurrence of geomagnetic jerks.

Key words

Free Core Nutationreference framegeomagnetic jerk