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Detection of phase disturbances of free core nutation of the Earth and their concurrence with geomagnetic jerks


We detected phase disturbances of the Free Core Nutation (FCN) of the Earth directly from the analysis of the Very Long Baseline Interferometer (VLBI) observation of the Earth rotation for the period 1984–2003 by applying the Weighted Wavelet Z-Transform (WWZ) method and the Short-time Periodogram with the Gabor function (SPG) method. During the period, the FCN had two significant phase disturbances in 1992 and 1998. These epochs coincide with the reported occurrence of geomagnetic jerks.


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Correspondence to Toshimichi Shirai.

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Shirai, T., Fukushima, T. & Malkin, Z. Detection of phase disturbances of free core nutation of the Earth and their concurrence with geomagnetic jerks. Earth Planet Sp 57, 151–155 (2005).

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Key words

  • Free Core Nutation
  • reference frame
  • geomagnetic jerk