- Open Access
An improvement of GPS height estimations: stochastic modeling
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2005
Received: 12 November 2004
Accepted: 14 March 2005
Published: 24 June 2014
The results of GPS positioning depend on both functional and stochastic models. In most of the current GPS processing programs, however, the stochastic model that describes the statistical properties of GPS observations is usually assumed that all GPS measurements have the same accuracy and are statistically independent. Such assumptions are unrealistic. Although there were only a few studies modeling the effects on the GPS relative positioning, they are restricted to short baselines and short session lengths. In this paper, the stochastic modeling for IGS long-baseline positioning (with 24-hour session) is analyzed in the GAMIT software by modified stochastic models. Results show that any mis-specifications of stochastic model result in unreliable GPS baseline results, and the deviation of baseline estimations reaches as much as 2 cm in the height component. Using the stochastic model of satellite elevation angle-based cosine function, the precision of GPS baseline estimations can be improved, and the GPS baseline component is closest to the reference values, especially GPS height.