- Open Access
Tsunami due to the 2004 September 5th off the Kii peninsula earthquake, Japan, recorded by a new GPS buoy
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2005
Received: 20 December 2004
Accepted: 6 April 2005
Published: 24 June 2014
A tsunami due to the 2004 M7.4 September 5th earthquake off of the Kii peninsula, Japan, was recorded at the GPS buoy newly designed and established in April 2004, about 13 km off of the Muroto Promontory, southwestern Japan. The tsunami arrived at the buoy about 8 minutes before its arrival to the nearest tide gauge station at the tip of the Muroto Promontory. The predicted tsunami record based on preliminary source model shows excellent agreement (rms 2.7 cm) with the observed GPS record. This demonstrates that GPS buoy observations can be used not only for a tsunami warning system, but also for precise determination of the tsunami source.