Open Access

The seismological and geodetical roles of strain seismogram suggested from the 2004 off the Kii peninsula earthquakes

Earth, Planets and Space201457:BF03352567

Received: 30 November 2004

Accepted: 8 April 2005

Published: 24 June 2014


Dynamic strain seismograms obtained by high-speed sampling include not only long-period changes, such as ‘strain-step’, step change in strain, but also short period variations, such as body waves. We studied dynamic strain variations caused by the 2004 off the Kii peninsula earthquakes. Using such strain seismograms, we clarified the relation between dynamic strain and velocity. Our results will contribute greatly to seismology. We also clarified the strain-step formation process. This result and the concept of dynamic strain will bring more information to geodetics.

Key words

Dynamic strain seismogrambroadband velocity seismogramglobal/local structurestrain-ramp functiongeodetical strain-step