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Aftershock distribution of the 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake derived from a combined analysis of temporary online observations and permanent observations

  • Takuo Shibutani111Email author,
  • Yoshihisa Iio111,
  • Satoshi Matsumoto311,
  • Hiroshi Katao111,
  • Takeshi Matsushima311,
  • Shiro Ohmi111,
  • Fumiaki Takeuchi111,
  • Kenji Uehira311,
  • Kin’ya Nishigami111,
  • Bogdan Enescu111,
  • Issei Hirose111,
  • Yasuyuki Kano211,
  • Yuhki Kohno411,
  • Masahiro Korenaga411,
  • Yutaka Mamada111,
  • Masatoshi Miyazawa111,
  • Ken’ichi Tatsumi111,
  • Tomotake Ueno211,
  • Hiroo Wada111 and
  • Yohei Yukutake211
Earth, Planets and Space201457:BF03352590

Received: 16 February 2005

Accepted: 15 May 2005

Published: 24 June 2014


The 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake (Mj = 6.8) occurred on 23 October 2004 in the northeastern part of the Niigata-Kobe Tectonic Zone where large contraction rates were observed. The mainshock was followed by an anomalously intense aftershock activity that included nine Mj ≥5.5 aftershocks. We deployed three temporary online seismic stations in the aftershock area from 27 October, combined data from the temporary stations with those from permanent stations located around the aftershock area, and determined the hypocenters of the mainshock and aftershocks with a joint hypocenter determination (JHD) technique. The resulting aftershock distribution showed that major events such as the mainshock, the largest aftershock (Mj = 6.5), the aftershock on 27 October (Mj = 6.1), etc. occurred on different fault planes that were located nearly parallel or perpendicular to each other. This might be due to heterogeneous structure in the source region. The strain energy was considered to have been enough accumulated on the individual fault planes. These features are probably a cause of the anomalous intensity of the aftershock activity.

Key words

The 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquakeaftershock distributioncomplexity of earthquake faultstemporary online aftershock observations