Skip to main content

Advertisement

We’d like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest.

Aftershock distribution of the 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake derived from a combined analysis of temporary online observations and permanent observations

Abstract

The 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake (Mj = 6.8) occurred on 23 October 2004 in the northeastern part of the Niigata-Kobe Tectonic Zone where large contraction rates were observed. The mainshock was followed by an anomalously intense aftershock activity that included nine Mj ≥5.5 aftershocks. We deployed three temporary online seismic stations in the aftershock area from 27 October, combined data from the temporary stations with those from permanent stations located around the aftershock area, and determined the hypocenters of the mainshock and aftershocks with a joint hypocenter determination (JHD) technique. The resulting aftershock distribution showed that major events such as the mainshock, the largest aftershock (Mj = 6.5), the aftershock on 27 October (Mj = 6.1), etc. occurred on different fault planes that were located nearly parallel or perpendicular to each other. This might be due to heterogeneous structure in the source region. The strain energy was considered to have been enough accumulated on the individual fault planes. These features are probably a cause of the anomalous intensity of the aftershock activity.

References

  1. Geographical Survey Institute, The Mid Niigata prefecture Earthquakes in 2004, http://cais.gsi.go.jp/Research/topics/topic041023/topic041023.html, 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Hirata, N., H. Sato, S. Sakai, A. Kato, and E. Kurashimo, Fault system of the 2004 Mid Niigata prefecture earthquake and its aftershocks, Landslides, 2(2), doi:10.1007/s10346-005-0050-8, 2005.

  3. Japan Meteorological Agency, http://www.seisvol.kishou.go.jp/eq/kyoshin/jishin/041023 niigata/1756/nigata main.htm, 2004.

  4. Kato, A., E. Kurashimo, N. Hirata, S. Sakai, T. Iwasaki, and T. Kanazawa, Imaging the source region of the 2004 mid-Niigata prefecture earthquake and the evolution of a seismogenic thrust-related fold, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L07307, doi:10.1029/2005GL022366, 2005.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Kim, H. Y., Relationship between the upheaval process of the Uonuma Hills and the cumulative nature of the Muikamachi fault, central Japan, Active Fault Res., 24, 63–75, 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Kim, H. Y. and A. Okada, Surface deformations associated with the October 2004 Mid-Niigata earthquakes: Description and Discussion, Earth Planets Space, 2005 (submitted).

    Google Scholar 

  7. Kissling, E., W. L. Ellsworth, D. Eberhart-Phillips, and U. Kradolfer, Initial reference models in local earthquake tomography, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 19635–19646, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (NIED), Earthquake mechanism information, http://www.fnet.bosai.go.jp/freesia/event/hypo/200410.html and 200411.html, 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Ozawa, T., S. Nishimura, Y. Wada, and H. Ohkura, Coseismic deformation of the Mid Niigata prefecture Earthquake in 2004 detected by RADARSAT/InSAR, Earth Planets Space, 57, 423–428, 2005.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Sagiya, T., S. Miyazaki, and T. Tada, Continuous GPS array and present-day crustal deformation of Japan, Pure Appl. Geophys., 157, 2303–2322, 2000.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Takano, O., Changes in depositional systems and sequences in response to basin evolution in a rift and inverted basin: an example from the Neogene Niigata-Shin’etsu basin, North Fossa Magna, central Japan, Sedimentary Geology, 152, 79–97, 2002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Takeuchi, A., Stress field and tectonic process during the Neogene and later period in the northern part of Nagano Prefecture, central Japan, J. Geol. Soc. Jpn., 83, 679–691, 1977 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Ueno, H., S. Hatakeyama, T. Aketagawa, J. Funasaki, and N. Hamada, Improvement of hypocenter determination procedures in the Japan Meteorological Agency, Quater. J. Seismol., 65, 123–134, 2002 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Google Scholar 

  14. Urabe, T., N. Hirata, and K. Takano, A nation-wide seismic telemetry network in Japan using satellite communication, EOS, 79(45), F569, 1998.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Wessel, P. and W. H. F. Smith, Free software helps map and display data, EOS, Trans., Am. Geophys. Union, 72, 441, 1991.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Takuo Shibutani.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Shibutani, T., Iio, Y., Matsumoto, S. et al. Aftershock distribution of the 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake derived from a combined analysis of temporary online observations and permanent observations. Earth Planet Sp 57, 545–549 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352590

Download citation

Key words

  • The 2004 Mid Niigata Prefecture Earthquake
  • aftershock distribution
  • complexity of earthquake faults
  • temporary online aftershock observations