Open Access

Three-dimensional P and S wave velocity structures beneath the Hokkaido corner, Japan-Kurile arc-arc junction

Earth, Planets and Space200658:BF03352595

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352595

Received: 12 May 2006

Accepted: 18 July 2006

Published: 15 September 2006

Abstract

We applied an inverse method developed by Zhao et al. (J. Geophys. Res., 97, 19909–19928, 1992) to 42,834 P and 18,263 S wave arrival time data observed at 152 seismographic stations for 1143 local earthquakes at depths between 0 and 200 km in order to estimate three-dimensional P and S wave velocity structures beneath the Hokkaido corner, Japan-Kurile arc-arc junction. High- and low-velocity zones were clearly imaged in the Hidaka Mountain Range at depths shallower than 35 km. The low-velocity anomalies of P and S waves were found to be distributed in the mantle wedge at depths between 35 and 100 km beneath the volcanic front, as also observed in the Tohoku region. Another low-velocity zone was found to exist in the fore-arc region at depths of 50–70 km above the plate boundary; this zone was not detected in Tohoku, suggesting that the dehydration process in the fore-arc region is different from that in the Tohoku region.

Key words

Hokkaido P and S wave velocity structures Hidaka Mountain Range volcanic front mantle wedge magma dehydration process