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Three-dimensional P and S wave velocity structures beneath the Hokkaido corner, Japan-Kurile arc-arc junction

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Abstract

We applied an inverse method developed by Zhao et al. (J. Geophys. Res., 97, 19909–19928, 1992) to 42,834 P and 18,263 S wave arrival time data observed at 152 seismographic stations for 1143 local earthquakes at depths between 0 and 200 km in order to estimate three-dimensional P and S wave velocity structures beneath the Hokkaido corner, Japan-Kurile arc-arc junction. High- and low-velocity zones were clearly imaged in the Hidaka Mountain Range at depths shallower than 35 km. The low-velocity anomalies of P and S waves were found to be distributed in the mantle wedge at depths between 35 and 100 km beneath the volcanic front, as also observed in the Tohoku region. Another low-velocity zone was found to exist in the fore-arc region at depths of 50–70 km above the plate boundary; this zone was not detected in Tohoku, suggesting that the dehydration process in the fore-arc region is different from that in the Tohoku region.

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Correspondence to Kei Katsumata.

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Katsumata, K., Wada, N. & Kasahara, M. Three-dimensional P and S wave velocity structures beneath the Hokkaido corner, Japan-Kurile arc-arc junction. Earth Planet Sp 58, e37–e40 (2006) doi:10.1186/BF03352595

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Key words

  • Hokkaido
  • P and S wave velocity structures
  • Hidaka Mountain Range
  • volcanic front
  • mantle wedge
  • magma
  • dehydration process