Skip to main content

Advertisement

Determination of the 30-year creep trend on the Ismetpaşa segment of the North Anatolian Fault using an old geodetic network

Article metrics

  • 300 Accesses

  • 14 Citations

Abstract

The Ismetpaşa segment of the North Anatolian Fault was ruptured during both the 1944 (M w = 7.2) Gerede and 1951 (M w = 6.9) Kurşunlu earthquakes. The field studies carried out in the aftermath of these two major earthquakes showed that the Ismetpaşa segment had experienced a creep movement. To monitor the surface creep, a geodetic network with six control points was established on the segment. This network was observed three times—in 1972, 1982 and 1992. Based on our evaluations of those observations, the creep on the segment was geodetically determined to be 1.02 cm/year (1972–1982) and 0.93 cm/year (1982–1992) respectively. In 1999, the North Anatolian Fault experienced two major shocks—the M w = 7.4 Gölcük and M w = 7.2 Düzce earthquakes—both on the western part of the Ismetpaşa fault. Using the global positioning system, our surveying team observed the network one more time in 2002 to assess whether these earthquakes affected the creep of the Ismetpaşa segment, or not. The evaluation of the observations revealed a creep of 0.78 cm/year for the period 1992–2002. This result reveals that the creep of the segment has decreased in a linear fashion between 1972 and 2002 and that it had not been triggered by the Gölcük and Düzce earthquakes.

References

  1. Altay, C. and C. H. Sav, Continuous creep measurement along the North Anatolian Fault Zone, Bull. Geolog. Congr. Turkey, 6, 77–84, 1991.

  2. Ambraseys, N. N., Some characteristic features of the Anatolian Fault Zone, Techtonophysics, 9, 143–165, 1970.

  3. Aytun, A., Creep measurements in the Ismetpaşa region of the North Anatolian Fault Zone. in Multidisciplinary approach to earthquake prediction 2, edited by A. M. Isikara and A. Vogel, Friedr. Vieweg&Sohn, Braunschweig, pp. 279–292, 1982.

  4. Barka, A. A. and K. Kadinsky-Cade, Strike-slip fault geometry in Turkey and its influence on earthquake activity, Tectonics, 7, 663–684, 1988.

  5. Bilham, R., N. Suszek, and S. Pinkney, California creepmeters, Seismol. Res. Lett., 75, 481–492, 2004.

  6. Bomford, B. G., Geodesy, Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K., 1965.

  7. Cakir, Z., A. M. Akoglu, S. Belabbes, S. Ergintav, and M. Meghraoui, Creeping along the Ismetpasa section of the North Anatolian Fault (Western Turkey): Rate and extent from InSAR, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 238, 225–234, 2005.

  8. Deniz, R., A. Aksoy, D. Yalin, H. Seeger, and O. Hirsch, Determination of crustal movement in Turkey by terrestrial geodetic methods, J. Geody-namics, 18, 13–22, 1993.

  9. Dogan, A., H. Kondo, O. Emre, Y. Awata, S. Ozalp, E. Tokay, and C. Yildiri, Stable creeping and distant triggered slips by the 1999 Izmit earthquake along the Ismetpaşa section, North Anatolian fault zone, Turkey, Eos. Trans. AGU, 83, 2002 (Fall Meet. Suppl. Abstr., S11B-1156).

  10. Eren, K., Strain analysis along the North Anatolian Fault by using geodetic surveys, Bull. Geodesique, pp. 137–149, 1984.

  11. Ergintav, S., R. Bürgmann, S. McClusky, R. Cakmak, R. E. Reilinger, O. Lenk, A. Barka, and H. Ozener, Postseismic deformation near the Izmit earthquake (17 August 1999, M = 7.5) rupture zone, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 92, 194–207, 2002.

  12. Evans, K. F, R. O. Burford, and G. C. P. King, Propagating episodic creep and the aseismic slip behavior of the Calaveras fault north of Hollister, California, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 3721–3735, 1981.

  13. Harsh, P. W., Distribution of afterslip along the Imperial fault, in the Imperial valley, California, earthquake of October 15, 1979, US. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap., 1254, 193–254, 1982.

  14. Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute (KOERI), 2004. http://www.koeri.boun.edu.tr/sismo/default.htm.

  15. Kuang, S., Geodetic network analysis and optimal design: concepts and applications, Sams Publications, Sterling, Illinois, USA, 1996.

  16. Malservisi, R., C. Gans, and K. P. Furlong, Numerical modeling of strikeslip creeping faults and implications for the Hayward fault, California, Tectonophysics, 361, 121–137, 2003.

  17. McClusky, S., S. Balassanian, A. A. Barka, C. Demir, S. Ergintav, I. Georgiev, O. Gurkan, M. Hamburger, K. Hurst, H. Kahle, K. Kastens, G. Kekelidze, R. King, V. Kotsev, O. Lenk, S. Mahmoud, M. Nadariya, A. Ouzounis, D. Paradissis, Y. Peter, M. Prilepin, R. Reilinger, I. Sanli, H. Seeger, A. Tealeb, M. N. Toksoz, and G. Veis, Global Positioning system constraints on plate kinematics and dynamics in the eastern Mediterranean and Caucasus, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 5695–5719, 2000.

  18. McKenzie, D., Active tectonics of the Mediterranean region, Geophys. J. R. Astron. Soc, 30, 109–185, 1972.

  19. Provost, A. S., J. Chery, and R. Hassani, 3D mechanical modeling of the GPS velocity field along the North Anatolian fault, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 209, 361–367, 2003.

  20. Reilinger, R. E., S. Ergintav, R. Burgmann, S. McClusky, O. Lenk, A. A. Barka, O. Gurkan, L. Hearn, K. L. Feigl, R. Cakmak, B. Aktug, H. Ozener, and M. N. Toksoz, Coseismic and postseismic fault slip for the 17 August 1999, M = 7.5, Izmit, Turkey earthquake, Science, 289, 1519–1524, 2000.

  21. Sengör, A. M. C., The North Anatolian transform fault its age, offset and tectonic significance, J. Geol. Soc. London, 136, 269–282, 1979.

  22. Smith, S. W. and M. Wyss, Displacement on the San Andreas fault subsequent to the 1966 Parkfield earthquake, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 58, 1955–1973, 1968.

  23. Stein, R. S., A. A. Barka, and J. H. Dieterich, Progressive failure on the North Anatolian Fault since 1939 by earthquake stress triggering, Geophys. J. Int., 128, 594–604, 1997.

  24. Sylvester, A. G., Near-field tectonic geodesy, 2004. http://books.nap.edu/books/0309036380/html/164.html#pagetop.

  25. Ugur, E., Analysis of the crustal movements along the North Anatolian fault using geodetic methods, PhD thesis, Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey, 1974 (in Turkish).

  26. U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Implications earthquake risk reduction in the United States from the Kocaeli, Turkey, earthquake of August 17, 1999. U.S. Geol. Surv. Circ. 1193, 1999.

  27. Wallace, R. E. and E. F. Roth, Rates and patterns of progressive deformation, in the Parkfield-Cholame, California, Earthquake of June-August 1966, U.S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Paper, 579, 23–40, 1968.

  28. Yamashita, K. M., Dry Tilt: A ground deformation monitor as applied to the active volcanoes of Hawaii, U.S. Geol. Surv. Open File Rep., 81, 523–543, 1973.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to H. S. Kutoglu.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Kutoglu, H.S., Akcin, H. Determination of the 30-year creep trend on the Ismetpaşa segment of the North Anatolian Fault using an old geodetic network. Earth Planet Sp 58, 937–942 (2006) doi:10.1186/BF03352598

Download citation

Key words

  • Crustal movement
  • earthquake
  • geodetic networks
  • geodetic surveys