Skip to main content

Correlation between gravity and magnetic anomalies of Western Anatolia and its relation to tectonic structures


In this paper, we apply for the first time the moving-windows application of the Poisson’s theorem to the synthetic gravity and magnetic data, followed by calculations of the correlations of the Bouguer gravity and aeromagnetic data of Western Anatolia. The correlation coefficient, slope and intercept parameters were generated from the internal correlations existing between the gravity and magnetic anomalies. Relative negative correlation values of positive gravity and negative magnetic anomalies were found on the Menderes Massif and in the southern part of the Marmara sea. Higher heat flow values were also obtained from these regions. The negative correlation values can be seen on a profile taken along the 28°E longitude and are sourced from a large graben system which has been generated as a result of lithospheric extension in Western Anatolia since the Early Miocene. The grabens were filled up by approximately 2000-m-thick sediments. The negative correlation coefficients and high heat flow values correspond to relative uplift of the asthenosphere in these regions.


  1. Akdoğan, N., İzmir paftası gravimetrik-manyetik-ısı akısı anomalilerinin jeolojik korelasyonu ve bazı sonuçlar, Batı Anadolu’nun Depremselliği Sempozyumu, Bildiriler kitabı 507–508, 2000, İzmir.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Chandler, V. W., J. S. Koski, W. J. Hinze, and L. W. Braile, Analysis of multisource gravity and magnetic anomaly data sets by moving-window application of Poisson’s Theorem, Geophysics, 46, 30–39, 1981.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Cordell, L. and P. T. Taylor, Investigation of magnetization and density of North Atlantic Seamount using Poisson’s Theorem, Geophysics, 36, 919–937, 1971.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Dolmaz, M. N., Z. M. Hisarlı, T. Ustaömer, and N. Orbay, Curie point depths based on spectrum analysis of aeromagnetic data, West Anatolian Extentional Province, Turkey, Pure Appl. Geophys., 162, 571–590, 2005.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Elmas, A. and A. Gürer, A comparison of the geological and geoelectrical structures in the Eastern Marmara region (NW Turkey), J. Asian Earth Sci., 153–162, 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Garland, G. D., Combined analysis of gravity and magnetic anomalies, Geophysics, 16, 51–62, 1951.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Kanasewich, E. R. and R. G. Agarwal, Analysis of combined gravity and magnetic fields in wave number domain, J. Geophys. Res., 75, 5702–5712, 1970.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Malin, S. R. C. and D. R. Barraclough, An algorithm for synthesing the geomagnetic field, Computers Geosci., 7, 401–405, 1981.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Pfister, M., L. Rybach, and Ş. Şimşek, Geothermal reconnaissance of the Marmara Sea region (NW Turkey): surface heat flow density in an area of active continental extension, Tectonophysics, 291, 77–89, 1998.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Ross, H. P. and P. M. Lavin, In-situ determination of the remanent magnetic vector of two-dimensional tabular bodies, Geophysics, 31, 949–962, 1966.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Turgut, S. and G. Eseller, Sequence stratigraphy, tectonics and depositional history in eastern Thrace Basin, NW Turkey, Mar. Petrol. Geol., 7, 61–100, 2000.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. von Frese, R. R. B., W. J. Hinze, and L. W. Braile, Regional North American gravity and magnetic anomaly correlations, Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc., 69, 745–761, 1982.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Yılmaz, Y., Ş. C. Genç, Ö. F. Gürer, M. Bozcu, K. Yılmaz, Z. Karacık, Ş. Altunkaynak, and A. Elmas, When did the Western Anatolian grabens begin to develop, in Tectonics and Magmatism in Turkey and the Surrounding Area, edited by E. Bozkurt, J. A. Winchester, and J. D. A. Piper, Geol. Soc. London, 173, 353–384, 2000.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Z. Düzgit.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Düzgit, Z., Hisarli, Z.M., Sayin, N. et al. Correlation between gravity and magnetic anomalies of Western Anatolia and its relation to tectonic structures. Earth Planet Sp 58, 943–949 (2006).

Download citation

Key words

  • Poisson’s theorem
  • gravity
  • magnetic
  • tectonic structures
  • Western Anatolia