Paleomagnetism in Mesozoic rocks of the Northern Andes and its Implications in Mesozoic Tectonics of Northwestern South America
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2006
Received: 13 December 2005
Accepted: 28 April 2006
Published: 8 November 2006
New paleomagnetic data isolated in Upper Triassic to Aptian rocks exposed in the Colombian Andes and west of the Guyana craton, in conjunction with paleomagnetic data from the Andes of Venezuela and the South American craton, permit the interpretation of along-margin northward translations of Andean Colombian terranes during the Early-Middle Jurassic. Field tests and comparison with reference paleopoles for South America indicate that characteristic components uncovered in red-siliciclastic and igneous rocks are primary, or near-depositional, and they are carried dominantly by hematite, magnetite and Ti-magnetite. Difference in declination values of characteristic components isolated in fault-bounded blocks document counter-clockwise rotations previous to syn-extensional deposition. The Jurassic tectonic scheme proposed here for the northwestern corner of South America shows an Early Jurassic, linear subduction-related magmatic arc evolving to Late Jurassic rift-related setting associated to the opening of the Proto-Caribbean Ocean and westward retreat of the subduction zone. A similar tectonic evolution for the Jurassic has been proposed for southwestern USA and the Nazas arc in Mexico.