- Open Access
Present-day crustal motion in northeast China determined from GPS measurements
Earth, Planets and Space volume 58, pages 1441–1445 (2006)
GPS measurements carried out between 1997 and 2005 at 37 stations distributed throughout northeast China place indicate the presence of constraints on the present-day crustal motion in this region. Velocity vectors relative to Eurasia are very small, only 1.58 mm/yr on average, indicating that the region is generally stable. With the exception of five stations that show significant motion at the 95% confidence level, the insignificant motion of most stations precludes a clear association of their velocities with the rotation of a separate rigid microplate, suggesting that northeast China belongs to Eurasia plate. The velocities of several stations in the southwestern corner of the studied region consistently point to the southeast. This is most probably a distant effect of the eastward motion of northern Tibet. Small velocities of the stations of around the time of the 1999 M W = 7.1 and 2002 M W = 7.3 deep-focus earthquakes, which occurred in Wangqing county, suggest that these earthquakes did not cause wide-spread deformations to the shallow crust.
Altamimi, Z., P. Sillard, and C. Boucher, ITRF2000: a new release of the International Terrestrial Reference Frame for earth science applications, J. Geophys. Res., 107(B10), 2214, doi:1.1029/2001JB000561, 2002.
Calais, E., M. Vergonolle, J. Deverchere, V. San’kov, A. Lukhnev, and S. Amarjargal, Are post-seismic effects of the M = 8.4 Bolnay earthquake (1905 July 23) still influencing GPS velocities in the Mongolia-Baikal area?, Geophys. J. Int., 149, 157–168, 2002.
Calais, E., M. Vergnolle, V. San’kov, A. Lukhnev, A. Miroshinitchenko, S. Amarjargal, and J. Déverchère, GPS measurements of crustal deformation in the Baikal-Mongolia area (1994–2002): Implication for current kinematics of Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 108(B10), 2501, doi:10.1029/2002JB0002373, 2003.
Chen, Q., J. Freymueller, Q. Wang, Z. Yang, C. Xu, and J. Liu, A deforming block model forthe present-day tectonics of Tibet, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B01403, doi:10.1029/2002JB0002151, 2004.
DeMets, C., R. G. Gordon, D. F. Argus, and S. Stein, Effect of recent revisions to the geomagnetic time scale on estimates of current plate motions, Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 2191–2194, 1994.
Deng, Q., P.-Z. Zhang, R.-K. Ran, X.-P. Yang, W. Min, and Q.-Z. Chu, Characteristics of Chinese active tectonic units, Science in China (Series D), 32(12), 1020–1030, 2002 (in Chinese).
Dong, D., T. A. Herring, and R. W. King, Estimating regional deformation from a combination of space and terrestrial geodetic data, J. Geodesy, 72, 200–214, 1998.
England, P. and P. Molar, Late Quaternary to decadal velocity fields in Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 110, B12401, doi:10.1029/2004JB0003541, 2005.
Hamdy, A. M., P.-H. Park, and H.-C. Lim, Horizontal deformation in South Korea from permanent GPS network data, 2000–2003, Earth Planets Space, 57, 77–82, 2005.
Heki, K., S. Miyazaki, H. Takahashi, M. Kasahara, F. Kimata, S. Miura, N. F. Vasilenko, A. Ivashchenko, and K.-D. An, The Amurian plate motion and current plate kinematics in eastern Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 104(B12), 2501, 29147–29155, 1999.
Herring, T. A., GLOBK, Global Kalman filter VLBI and GPS analysis software, Mass. Inst. Technol., February 15, 2002.
Kato, T., G. S. Ell-Fiky, E. N. Oware, and S. Miyazaki, Crustal strains in the Japanese islands as deduced from dense GPS array, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25(18), 3345–3348, 1998.
King, R. W. and Y. Bock, Documentation for the GAMIT GPS Analysis software, Mass. Inst. Technol., Scripps Inst. Occeangr., Release 10.1, November 11, 2003.
Kreemer, C., W. E. Holt, and A. J. Haines, An integrated global model of present-day plate motions and plate boundary deformation, Geophys. J. Int., 154, 8–34, 2003.
Kogan, M. G., G. M. Steblov, R. W. King, T. A. Herring, D. I. Frolov, S. G. Egorov, V. Y. Levin, A. Lerner-Lam, and A. Jones, Geodetic constraints on the relative motion and rigidity of Eurasia and North America, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27(14), 2041–2044, 2000.
Kogan, M. G., R. Bürgmann, N. F. Vasilenko, C. H. Scholz, R. W. King, A. I. Ivashchenko, D. I. Frolov, G. M. Steblov, Ch. U. Kim, and S. G. Egorov, The 2000 Mw 6.8 Uglegorsk earthquake and regional plate boundary deformation of Sakalin from geodetic data, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(3), 1102, doi:10.1029/2002GL016399, 2003.
Liu, R.-X., Active Volcanoes in China, Seismological Publishing House, Beijing, 2000.
Niu, Z.-J., M. Wang, H.-R. Sun, J.-Z. Sun, X.-Z. You, W. Gan, G. Xue, J. Hao, S. Xin, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, and B. Li, Contemporary velocity field of crustal movement of Chinese mainland from Global Positioning System measurements, China Sci. Bull., 50(9), 939–941, 2005.
Petit, C. and M. Fournier, Present-day velocity and stress fields of the Amurian Plate from thin-shell finite-element modeling, Geophys. J. Int., 160, 357–369, 2005.
Sella, G. F., T. H. Dixon, and A. Mao, REVEL: A model for recent plate velocities from space geodesy, J. Geophys. Res., 107(B4), 2081, 10.1029/2000JB000033, 2002.
Shen, Z.-K., C. Zhao, A. Yin, Y. Li, D. D. Jackson, P. Fang, and D. Dong, Contemporary crustal deformation in east Asia constrained by Global Positioning System measurements, J. Geophys. Res., 105(B3), 5721–5734, 2000.
Shen, Z.-K., J. Lü, M. Wang, and R. Bürgmann, Contemporary crustal deformation around the southeast borderland of the Tibetan Plateau, J. Geophys. Res., 110, B11409, doi:10.1029/2004JB003421, 2005.
Steblov, G. M., M. G. Kogan, R. W. King, C. H. Scholz, R. Bürgmann, and D. I. Frolov, Imprint of the North American plate in Siberia revealed by GPS, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30, 2041–2044, 2003.
Takahashi, H., M. Kasahara, F. Kimata, S. Miura, K. Heki, T. Seno, T. Kato, N. Vasilenko, A. Ivashchenko, V. Bahtiarov, V. Levin, E. Gordeev, F. Korchagin, and M. Gerasimenko, Velocity field of around the sea Okhotsk and Sea of Japan region determined from a new continuous GPS network, Geophys. Res. Lett., 26(16), 2533–2536, 1999.
Wang, Q., P.-Z. Zhang, J. T. Freymuller, R. Biham, K. M. Larson, X. Lai, X. You, Z. Niu, J. Wu, Y. Li, J. Liu, Z. Yang, and Q. Chen, Present-day crustal deformation in China constrained by global positioning system measurements, Science, 294, 574–577, 2001.
Wei, D. and T. Seno, Determination of the Amurian plate motion, in Mantle Dynamics and Plate Interactions in East Asia, Geodynam. Series, edited by M. Flower et al., Am. Geophys. Union, 27, pp. 337–346, 1998.
Wei, D.-P. and T. Seno, Kinematical analysis of plate tectonics model in northeastern Asia, Chinese J. Geophys, 43(1), 53–63, 2000 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Yu, L.-W., Spatio-temporal distribution of moderate-strong and strong earthquakes in the Northeastern China, Northeastern Seismological Research, 3(1), 11–22, 1987 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Zonenshain, L. P. and L. A. Savostin, Geodynamics of the Baikal rift zone and plate tectonics of Asia, Tectonophysics, 76, 1–45, 1981.
About this article
Cite this article
Meng, G., Shen, X., Wu, J. et al. Present-day crustal motion in northeast China determined from GPS measurements. Earth Planet Sp 58, 1441–1445 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352642
- northeast China
- crustal deformation
- Eurasia plate