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  • Article
  • Open Access

Vertical velocity from the Korean GPS Network (2000–2003) and its role in the South Korean neo-tectonics

Earth, Planets and Space200759:BF03352693

  • Received: 27 March 2006
  • Accepted: 10 January 2007
  • Published:


In the absence of adequate leveling observations in South Korea, the vertical deformation has been investigated using the Korean Global Positioning System (GPS) Network data (2000-2003). Although the vertical components of the GPS velocities have been rarely used in crustal deformation studies because of their high noise level, the processing strategy employed here enhances the data quality and eliminates the seasonal effect. The obtained vertical velocity field shows that the maximum vertical velocity in the ITRF 97 reference frame is 3.3 mm/year (subsidence), which reflects a relatively low level of seismic activity in South Korea. Two deformation patterns were recognized; subsidence in the Okchun Basin, and uplift in its adjacent areas. This subsidence is due to the collision of Kyonggi Massif and Okchun Basin (part of the South China block) against the Yongnam Massif and Taebaeksan Basin (part of the North China block).

Key words

  • KGN
  • GPS
  • vertical deformation
  • Okchun
  • Korea