Seismic moment of the 1891 Nobi, Japan, earthquake estimated from historical seismograms
Earth, Planets and Space volume 59, pages 553–559 (2007)
The seismic moment of the 1891 Nobi, Japan, earthquake has been evaluated from the historical seismogram recorded at the Central Meteorological Observatory in Tokyo. For this purpose, synthetic seismograms from point and finite source models with various fault parameters have been calculated by a discrete wave-number method, incorporating the instrumental response of the Gray-Milne-Ewing seismograph, and then compared with the original records. Our estimate of the seismic moment (Mo) is 1.8×1020 N m corresponding to a moment magnitude (Mw) 7.5. This is significantly smaller than the previous estimates from the distribution of damage, but is consistent with that inferred from geological field survey (Matsuda, 1974) of the surface faults.
Fukuyama, E., M. Ishida, D. S. Dreger, and H. Kawai, Automated seismic moment tensor determination by using on-line broadband seismic waveforms, Zisin (J. Seismol. Soc. Jpn.), Ser.2, 51, 149–156, 1998 (in Japanese with English abstract).
Fukuyama, E. and T. Mikumo, Dynamic rupture propagation during the 1891 Nobi, central Japan, earthquake: Possible extension to branched faults, Bull. Seism Soc. Am., 96, 1257–1266, 2006.
Gifu Observatory, Report on the great Nobi earthquake, 1894 (in Japanese).
Iida, K., Earthquake energy and earthquake fault, J. Earth Sci., Nagoya Univ., 7, 98–107, 1959.
Japan Meteorological Agency, Quart, J. Seismology, 22, Suppl. Vol., 1957.
Koto, B., On the cause of the great earthquake in central Japan, J. Coll. Sci., Imp. Univ. Tokyo, 5, 295–353, 1893.
Kubo, A., E. Fukuyama, H. Kawai, and K. Nonomura, NIED seismic moment tensor catalogue for regional earthquakes around Japan: quality test and application, Tectonophys., 356, 23–48, 2002.
Matsuda, T., Surface faults associated with Nobi (Mino-Owari) earthquake of 1891, Japan, Spec. Rep. Earthq. Res. Inst., 13, 85–126, 1974 (in Japanese).
Mikumo, T. and M. Ando, A search into the faulting mechanism of the 1891 great Nobi earthquake, J. Phys. Earth, 24, 63–87, 1976.
Muramatu, I., Magnitude of the Nobi earthquake of Oct. 28, 1891, Zisin (J. Seismol. Soc. Jpn.), 15, 341–342, 1962 (in Japanese).
Muramatu, I., Distribution of seismic intensity and crustal deformation in the region destroyed by the great Nobi earthquake of October 28, 1891, Res. Rep., Gifu Univ.3, 202–224, 1963 (in Japanese).
Nakano, M., J. Miyakoshi, and K. Yamaoka, A new model for the fault beneath sedimentary basin in the 1891 Nobi earthquake, Earth Planets. Space, 59, 13–19, 2007.
Omori, F., Note on the great Mino-Owari earthquake of Oct. 28th, 1891, Publ. Earthq. Inv. Comm., 4, 13–24, 1900.
Ooida, T., I. Yamada, T. Tada, K. Ito, K. Sugiyama, and Y. Sasaki, Mi-croearthquake activity in central Honshu, Japan, Part I. Seismicity of microearthquakes in the vicinity of the Neo Valley fault, Zisin (J. Seis-mol. Soc. Jpn.), 24, 240–247, 1971 (in Japanese).
Saikia, C. K., Modeling of strong ground motions from the 16 September 1978 Tabas, Iran, earthquake, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 84, 31–46, 1994.
Sugisaki, R. and K. Shibata, Reappraisal of the Gifu-Ichinomiya fault— Points at issue for recognition of concealed fault under alluvial plain—, Zisin (J. Seismol. Soc. Jpn.), 56, 281–296, 2003 (in Japanese).
An erratum to this article is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/BF03352038.
About this article
Cite this article
Fukuyama, E., Muramatu, I. & Mikumo, T. Seismic moment of the 1891 Nobi, Japan, earthquake estimated from historical seismograms. Earth Planet Sp 59, 553–559 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352717
- Seismic moment
- historical seismograms
- the 1891 Nobi earthquake