Magnetizations of the seamounts in the Izu-Ogasawara arc with special reference to the origin of their normal polarity biases
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2007
Received: 20 September 2006
Accepted: 4 April 2007
Published: 20 July 2007
Magnetizations of the seamounts in the Izu-Ogasawara arc are calculated using correlation analyses of magnetic anomalies and topographic data. The calculated results of the seamounts in the Sitito-Iozima ridge (present volcanic front) show normal magnetizations with a mean value of 5.10±1.38 A/m. The results also show that the majority of the seamounts in the Nisi-Sitito ridge, which are Pliocene and Middle Miocene in origin, are magnetized in a normal magnetic field direction with a mean value of 2.74±1.07 A/m. Seamounts in the Kyushu-Palau ridge, which are Oligocene in origin, also show predominantly normal polarities, with a mean of 2.67±0.71 A/m. For such a polarity bias to be explained by induced magnetization components (IM), including viscous remanent magnetization (VRM), the intensity of IM should be comparable to the mean of 2.74 A/m. However, no significant differences in the standard deviations of magnetization intensities are recognized between the seamounts in the Nisi-Sitito Ridge and those in the Sitito-Iozima Ridge, contrary to expectations if the normal polarity bias is IM in origin. Three-dimensional (3-D) multi-block model analyses are also applied to 25 seamounts having magnetization directions considerably different from those of the present magnetic field to estimate the normally and reversely magnetized volumes of the seamounts. The results show that 88% (22/25) of the seamounts have relatively greater volumes of normal magnetization compared to reverse magnetization. The IM component estimated from the 3-D multi-block model is a maximum of 0.66 A/m, which is too small to explain the observed normal polarity bias. A possible alternative explanation for the observed normal polarity bias may be enhanced volcanic activity during normal magnetic periods, although this is difficult to justify theoretically at the present time.