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Highly resolved distribution of aftershocks of the 2007 Noto Hanto Earthquake by a dense seismic observation

Abstract

The 2007 Noto Hanto Earthquake occurred on March 25, 2007, in the Noto Peninsula, central Japan. A half day after the main shock, we started installing temporary seismic stations in order to determine the precise locations of its aftershocks. Ten universities and two research institutes deployed 88 temporary seismic stations in and around the source area. The observation lasted for about 2 months. We relocated 1318 aftershocks with arrival time corrections at each station. The relocated hypocenters show relatively small errors—less than 0.2 km in the horizontal direction and less than 0.4 km depth. Most of the relocated hypocenters are about 2.0 km shallower than those determined by JMA. The distribution of the aftershocks forms a southeast-dipping plane. The main shock is located at the bottom part of their distribution. The precise aftershock distribution extends into a shallower area than the original, and it coincides with sea floor-ward extension of the active faults previously known from a sonic reflection survey. Heterogeneous distribution of the aftershocks on the fault plane shows low seismicity just above the main shock hypocenter, and middle-size aftershocks are distributed on the periphery of the main shock. A precursory event (M 4.4) that occurred 0.6 s before the main rupture is located close to the M 2.2 foreshock that occurred 12 min before it.

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Correspondence to Shin’ichi Sakai.

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Sakai, S., Kato, A., Iidaka, T. et al. Highly resolved distribution of aftershocks of the 2007 Noto Hanto Earthquake by a dense seismic observation. Earth Planet Sp 60, 83–88 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352765

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Key words

  • 2007 Noto Hanto Earthquake
  • urgent aftershock observation
  • dense seismic array
  • precise aftershock distribution