Special Issue: Special Section for the 2007 Noto Hanto Earthquake (1)
- Open Access
Postseismic displacements following the 2007 Noto peninsula earthquake detected by dense GPS observation
Earth, Planets and Space volume 60, pages 139–144 (2008)
We have been conducting dense GPS observation in and around the epicentral region of the 2007 Noto peninsula earthquake since March 25, 2007, in order to detect postseismic displacements. Continuous observation has been underway at 12 sites to fill the gap of GEONET. Preliminary analysis of data up to early May shows that initial postseismic displacement rapidly decayed within 20 days after the occurrence of the mainshock. Horizontal displacements do not exceed 20 mm even at sites above the aftershock zone for this period. We also found a maximum uplift of about 20 mm there. Inversion of postseismic displacements with the variable slip model suggests a nearly right-lateral afterslip of less than 5 cm on the shallow portion of the source fault. Fitting a theoretical function to a time series of coordinate changes also suggests that the observed postseismic displacements might have been generated by afterslip.
Estey, L. H. and C. M. Meertens, TEQC: The Multi-Purpose Toolkit for GPS/GLONASS Data, GPS Solutions, 3, 42–49, 1999.
Fukushima, Y, T. Ozawa, and M. Hashimoto, Fault model of the 2007 Noto Hanto earthquake estimated from PALSAR radar interferometry and GPS data, Earth Planets Space, 60, this issue, 99–104, 2008.
Geographical Survey Institute, Crustal mmovements in the Hokuriku and Chubu districts, Rep. Coord. Com. Earthq. Pred., 78, 424–456, 2007.
Hugentobler, U., R. Dach, and P. Fredez, Bernese GPS Software Version 5.0, AIUB, University of Bern, 388 pp, 2005.
Japan Meteorological Agency and Meteorological Research Institute, The Noto Hanto earthquake in 2007, Rep. Coord. Com. Earthq. Pred., 78, 346–370, 2007.
Jónsson, S., P. Segall, R. Pedersen, and G. Björnsson, Post-earthquake ground movements correlated to pore-pressure transients, Nature, 424, 179–183, 2003.
Kato, T. and 29 researchers, Global positioning system observation before and after the Hyogo-ken Nanbu earthquake of January 17, 1995, Japan, J. Geod. Soc. Jpn., 43, 181–207, 1997 (in Japanese with English abstract).
Marone, C., C. H. Scholz, and R. Bilham, On the mechanics of earthquake afterslip, J. Geophys. Res., 96, 8441–8452, 1991.
Miyazaki, S., P. Segall, J. Fukuda, and T. Kato, Space-time distribution of afterslip following the 2003 Tokachi-oki earthquake: implications for variations in fault zone frictional properties, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L06623, doi:10.1029/2003GL019140, 2004.
Montesi, L. G., Controls of shear zone rheology and tectonic loading on postseismic creep, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B10404, doi:10. 1029/2003JB002955, 2004.
Nakano, T. and K. Hirahara, GPS observations of postseismic deformation for the 1995 Hyogo-ken Nanbu earthquake, Japan, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 503–506, 1997.
Nakao, S., H. Takahashi et al., Postseismic deformation following the 2005 West Off Fukuoka Prefecture Earthquake (M7.0) derived by GPS observation, Earth Planets Space, 58, 1617–1620, 2006.
Peltzer, G., P. Rosen, F Rogez, and K. Hudnut, Poroelastic deformation along the Landers 1992 earthquake surface rupture, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 30131–30145, 1998.
Perfettini, H. and J.-P. Avouac, Postseismic relaxation driven by brittle creep: a possible mechanism to reconcile geodetic measurements and the decay rate of aftershocks, application to the Chi-Chi earthquake, Taiwan, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B02304, doi:10.1029/2003JB002488, 2004.
Pollitz, F. F., Transient rheology of the upper mantle beneath central Alaska inferred from the crustal velocity field following the 2002 Denali earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 110, B08407, doi:10. 1029/2005JB003672, 2005.
Research Group of Active Faults of Japan, Active Faults in Japan: Sheet Maps and Inventories (New edition), University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, 437 pp., 1991 (in Japanese).
Sagiya, T., A decade of GEONET: 1994–2003—The continuous GPS observation in Japan and its impact on earthquake studies—, Earth Planets Space, 56, xxix–xli, 2004.
Sagiya, T., S. Miyazaki, and T. Tada, Continuous GPS array and present-day crustal deformation of Japan, PAGEOPH, 157, 2203–2322, 2000.
Sagiya, T., T. Nishimura, Y. Hatanaka, E. Fukuyama, and W. L. Ellswroth, Crustal movements associated with the 2000 western Tottori earthquake and its fault models, ZISIN, 54, 523–534, 2002 (in Japanese with English abstract).
Sagiya, T., M. Ohzono, S. Nishiwaki, Y Ohta, T. Yamamuro, F Kimata, and M. Sasaki, Postseismic deformation following the 2004 mid-Niigata prefecture earthquake around the southern part of the source region, ZISIN, 58, 359–369, 2005 (in Japanese with English abstract).
Tabei, T. and W. L. Amin, Common-mode errors in the GPS coordinates time series—application of spatial filtering technique—, J. Geod. Soc. Jpn., 48, 229–241, 2002.
Takahashi, H., T. Matsushima, T. Kato, A. Takeuchi, T. Yamaguchi, Y Kohno, T. Katagi, J. Fukuda, K. Hatamoto, R. Doke, Y Matsu’ura, and M. Kasahara, A dense GPS observation immediately after the 2004 mid-Niigata prefecture earthquake, Earth Planets Space, 57, 663–665, 2005.
Thatcher, W., T. Matsuda, T. Kato, and J. B. Rundle, Lithospheric loading by the 1896 Riku-u earthquake, northern Japan: Implications for plate flexure and asthenospheric rheology, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 6429–6435, 1980.
Wdowinski, S., Y Bock, J. Zhang, P. Fang, and J. Genrich, Southern California permanent GPS geodetic array: spatial filtering of daily positions for estimating coseismic and postseismic displacements induced by the 1992 Landers earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 18057–18070, 1997.
Wessel, P. and W. H. F Smith, New, improved version of Generic Mapping Tools released, EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. U., 79(47), 579, 1998.
Yabuki, T. and M. Matsu’ura, Geodetic data inversion using a Bayesian information criterion for spatial distribution of fault slip, Geophys. J. Int., 109, 363–375, 1992.
Rights and permissions
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.
The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.
To view a copy of this licence, visit https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
About this article
Cite this article
Hashimoto, M., Takahashi, H., Doke, R. et al. Postseismic displacements following the 2007 Noto peninsula earthquake detected by dense GPS observation. Earth Planet Sp 60, 139–144 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352775
- Noto peninsula earthquake
- crustal deformation
- postseismic deformation