Open Access

Auroral radio emission and absorption of medium frequency radio waves observed in Iceland

  • Yuka Sato15Email author,
  • Takayuki Ono15,
  • Masahide Iizima15,
  • Atsushi Kumamoto15,
  • Natsuo Sato25,
  • Akira Kadokura25 and
  • Hiroshi Miyaoka25
Earth, Planets and Space200860:BF03352783

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352783

Received: 3 June 2007

Accepted: 3 December 2007

Published: 3 March 2008

Abstract

In order to study the generation and propagation processes of MF auroral radio emissions (referred to as auroral roar and MF burst) in the polar ionosphere, an Auroral Radio Spectrograph (ARS) system was installed at Husafell station in Iceland (invariant latitude: 65.3°). Data analysis of man-made transmissions also provides useful information for the ionosphere study as well as an investigation of auroral radio emissions since the propagation character of MF radio waves changes depending on electron-neutral collisions in the bottomside ionosphere. Thus, ionospheric absorption is examined in comparison with the solar zenith angle and auroral phenomena. The results indicate that the ARS data can be used to detect ionization occurring at distant regions. In late 2006, the ARS detected one auroral roar and twoMF bursts, which were identified as left-handed polarized waves. Results of data analysis, including other auroral data and particle spectra observed by the DMSP satellite, suggest that the MF bursts are generated by electrons with an average energy of several keV associated with auroral breakup. On the other hand, the auroral roar is generated as upper hybrid waves by relatively low-energy electrons over the observation site and propagates downward, being converted into L-O mode electromagnetic waves.