Skip to main content

Volume 60 Supplement 4

Special Issue: Lunar Science with the SELENE “Kaguya” Mission-Prelaunch Studies-

Performance and scientific objectives of the SELENE (KAGUYA) Multiband Imager


The Multiband Imager (MI) is one of the 14 instruments for the Japanese SELENE (KAGUYA) mission. Goal of the SELENE (KAGUYA) mission is to understand origin and evolution of the Moon by obtaining global element and mineral compositions, topological structure, gravity field of the whole Moon, and electromagnetic and particle environment of the Moon. MI is designed to be a high-resolution multiband imaging camera with a spatial resolution in visible bands of 20 m and a spatial resolution in near-infrared bands of 62 m from the 100 km SELENE (KAGUYA) orbit altitude. The MI flight model has been manufactured and integrated. MTF, viewing vector, over-all sensibility, sensor linearity and electrical noise level (S/N estimation test) were measured, and the results indicate that the MI will provide sufficient MTF and low-noise data, just as estimated in the MI design phase. Operation and data analyses plans have been established, and related tools and algorithms have been developed and checked. One of MI scientific objectives is to investigate small but scientifically very important areas such as crater central peaks and crater walls and to investigate magnesian anorthosites.


  • Blewett, D. T., P. G. Lucey, B. R. Hawke, and B. L. Jolliff, Clementine images of the lunar sample-return stations: Refinement of FeO and TiO2 mapping techniques, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 16319–16325, 1997.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Haruyama, J., T. Matsunaga, M. Ohtake, T. Morota, C. Honda, Y. Yokota, M. Torii, Y. Ogawa, and the LISMWorking Group, Global lunar-surface mapping experiment using the Lunar Imager/Spectrometer on SELENE, Earth Planets Space, 60, this issue, 243–255, 2008.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Jolliff, B. L., Clementine UVVIS multispectral data and the Apollo 17 landing site: What can we tell and how well?, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 14123–14148, 1999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kato, M., S. Sasaki, K. Tanaka, Y. Iijima, and Y. Takizawa, atThe Japanese lunar mission SELENE: Science goals and present status, Advances in Space Research, doi:10.1016, (in print).

  • Kodama, S. and M. Ohtake, (in prep).

  • Lucey, P. G., D. T. Blewett, and B. R. Hawke, Mapping the FeO and TiO2 content of the lunar surface with multispectral imagery, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 3679–3699, 1998.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lucey, P. G., D. T. Blewett, and B. L. Jolliff, Lunar iron and titanium abundance algorithms based on final processing of Clementine ultravioletvisible images, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20297–20305, 2000a.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lucey, P. G., D. T. Blewett, G. J. Taylor, and B. R. Hawke, Imaging of lunar surface maturity, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20377–20386, 2000b.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Matsunaga, T., M. Ohtake, Y. Hirahara, and J. Haruyama, Development of a visible and near infrared spectrometer for Selenological and Engineering Explorer (SELENE), Proceedings of SPIE, 4151, 32–39, 2000.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McEwen, A. S., A precise lunar photometric function, Lunar and Planetary Science, XXVII, #841, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston (CD-ROM), 1996.

    Google Scholar 

  • McEwen, A. S., E. M. Eliason, P. G. Lucey, E. Malaret, C. M. Pieters, M. S. Robinson, and T. Sucharski, Radiometric calibration and photometric normalization for Clementine, Lunar and Planetary Science, XXIX, #1466, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston (CD-ROM), 1998.

    Google Scholar 

  • Nozette, S., P. Rustan, L. P. Pleasance, D. M. Horan, P. Regeon, E. M. Shoemaker, P. D. Spudis, C. H. Acton, D. N. Baker, J. E. Blamont, B. J. Buratti, M. P. Corson, M. E. Davies, T. C. Duxbury, E. M. Eliason, B. M. Jakosky, J. F. Kordas, I. T. Lewis, C. L. Lichtenberg, P. G. Lucey, E. Malaret, M. A. Massie, J. H. Resnick, C. J. Rollins, H. S. Park, A. S. McEwen, R. E. Priest, C. M. Pieters, R. A. Reisse, M. S. Robinson, R. A. Simpson, D. E. Smith, T. C. Sorenson, R. W. Vorder Breugge, and M. T. Zuber, The Clementine mission to the Moon: Scientific overview, Science, 266, 1835–1839, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ohtake, M., T. Arai, and H. Takeda, Study of the Apollo 16 landing site: Re-visit as a standard site for the SELENE Multiband Imager, Lunar and Planetary Science, XXXVI, #1637, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston (CD-ROM), 2005.

    Google Scholar 

  • Robinson, M. S. and B. L. Jolliff, Apollo 17 landing site: Topography, photometric corrections, and heterogeneity of the surrounding highland massifs, J. Geophys. Res., 107, 5110, doi:10.1029/2001JE001614, 2002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Takeda, H., K. Saiki, T. Ishii, and M. Otsuki, Mineralogy of the Dhofar 489 lunar meteorite, crystalline matrix breccia with magnesian anorthositic clasts, Lunar and Planetary Science, XXXIV, #1284, Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston (CD-ROM), 2003.

    Google Scholar 

  • Takeda, H., A. Yamaguchi, D. D. Bogard, Y. Karouji, M. Ebihara, M. Ohtake, K. Saiki, and T. Arai, Magnesian anorthosites and a deep crustal rock from the farside crust of the moon, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 247, 171–184, 2006.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Thuillier, G., M. Hersé, P. C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, and D. Gillotay, Observation of the UV solar spectral irradiance between 200 and 350 nm during the ATLAS I mission by the SOLSPEC spectrometer, Solar Physics, 171(2), 283–302, 1997.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Thuillier, G., M. Hersé, P. C. Simon, D. Labs, H. Mandel, D. Gillotay, and T. Foujols, The visible solar spectral irradiance from 350 to 850 nm as measured by the SOLSPEC spectrometer during the ATLAS I mission, Solar Physics, 177(1–2), 41–61, 1998.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tompkins, S. and C. M. Pieters, Mineralogy of the lunar crust: Results from Clementine, Meteoritics Planet. Sci., 34, 25–41, 1999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



Corresponding author

Correspondence to Makiko Ohtake.

Rights and permissions

Open Access  This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made.

The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.

To view a copy of this licence, visit

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ohtake, M., Haruyama, J., Matsunaga, T. et al. Performance and scientific objectives of the SELENE (KAGUYA) Multiband Imager. Earth Planet Sp 60, 257–264 (2008).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Key words