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  • Article
  • Open Access

Lunar cratering chronology: Statistical fluctuation of crater production frequency and its effect on age determination

  • 14Email author,
  • 14,
  • 14,
  • 14,
  • 14,
  • 24 and
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Earth, Planets and Space200860:BF03352790

  • Received: 30 March 2007
  • Accepted: 31 October 2007
  • Published:


The crater frequency is often used to determine ages of planetary surfaces. In this study, we evaluate the statistical fluctuation of the crater frequency and its effect on age determination using a Monte Carlo simulation prior to the SELENE (KAGUYA) / Terrain Camera acquiring extensive high-resolution images over the entire Moon. We found that the ages estimated between 2.5 and 3.5 Gyr tend to be too young when there are not enough craters. Age determination for Eratosthenian units is least accurate. The errors defined with 1σ are 0.7 Gyr for units of 100 km2, 0.5 Gyr for units of 1000 km2, and 0.4 Gyr for units of 2500 km2. The maximum error exceeds 20% and is comparable with the error due to the cratering asymmetry.

Key words

  • Moon
  • cratering chronology
  • crater size-frequency distribution
  • statistical fluctuation