Open Access

Instrumentation and performance evaluation of the XRS on SELENE orbiter

Earth, Planets and Space200860:BF03352792

Received: 8 May 2007

Accepted: 10 November 2007

Published: 9 May 2008


The x-ray fluorescence spectrometer (XRS) on board Japanese lunar polar orbiter SELENE (Kaguya) will provide global distribution of major elemental composition on the lunar surface in energy range of characteristic K-α x-ray line emission for Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Ti, and Fe. These measurements will contribute to research of lunar origin and its evolution. The XRS shows a good energy resolution within 200 eV at 5.9 keV relying on charge coupled device (CCD) as photon energy dispersive detector. Total collective area of 100 cm2 for main detector facing the lunar surface is composed of 16 CCD chips. Instrumentation of the XRS and its performance evaluated in laboratory are presented.

Key words

X-ray fluorescent spectrometryglobal mappingMooncharge coupled device