Open Access

Gamma-ray spectrometer (GRS) for lunar polar orbiter SELENE

  • Nobuyuki Hasebe19,
  • Eido Shibamura29,
  • Takashi Miyachi19,
  • Takeshi Takashima39,
  • Masanori Kobayashi49,
  • Osamu Okudaira19,
  • Naoyuki Yamashita19,
  • Shingo Kobayashi19Email author,
  • Takeshi Ishizaki19,
  • Kunitomo Sakurai19,
  • Mitsuhiro Miyajima19,
  • Masayuki Fujii19,
  • Keisuke Narasaki59,
  • Shigeki Takai59,
  • Katsuhiro Tsurumi59,
  • Hiroshi Kaneko69,
  • Michio Nakazawa69,
  • Kunishiro Mori79,
  • Olivier Gasnault89,
  • Sylvestre Maurice89,
  • Claude d’Uston89,
  • Robert C. Reedy99 and
  • Manuel Grande109
Earth, Planets and Space200860:BF03352795

Received: 1 April 2007

Accepted: 25 December 2007

Published: 9 April 2008


The high-precision gamma-ray spectrometer (GRS) on the lunar polar orbiter SELENE is designed to measure 200 keV—12 MeV gamma rays in order to determine elemental compositions of the lunar surface. The GRS consists of a large germanium (Ge) crystal as a main detector and a massive bismuth germanate crystal and a plastic scintillator as anticoincidence detectors. The Ge detector is cooled by a Stirling cryocooler with its compressor attached to a passive radiator facing the cold space. The cooling system maintains the Ge detector below 90 K during the observation. The flight model of the GRS has achieved an energy resolution of 3.0 keV (FWHM) at 1333 keV. Energy spectra obtained by the GRS will show sharp gamma-ray lines whose energies identify the elements and whose intensities determine the concentrations of the elements, permitting global mapping of the elemental abundances in the sub-surface of the Moon. The elemental maps obtained by the GRS with such high-energy resolution enable us to study lunar geoscience problems.

Key words

Moongamma-ray spectroscopychemical compositionlunar formation and evolutionSELENE (KAGUYA)GRS