Special Issue: Lunar Science with the SELENE “Kaguya” Mission-Prelaunch Studies-
The absorption-peak map of Mare Serenitatis obtained by a hyper-spectral telescope
Earth, Planets and Space volume 60, pages 425–431 (2008)
The Mg-number [Mg#=atomic Mg/(Mg+Fe)] serves as an important petrologic discriminator when analyzing and understanding lunar rocks. Variations in the Mg# shift the wavelength of the absorption spectra of ferrous iron, which peak at around 1000 nm. Based on the image cubes of the Moon obtained by the Advanced Lunar Imaging Spectrometer (ALIS), we detected the shift in the absorption spectra of ferrous iron and built up an absorption-peak map of Mare Serenitatis. The wavelength of the absorption peak shows an 11-nm shift in Mare Serenitatis. Since the degree of space weathering can be considered to be almost the same as that within the same lava unit and Ca content cannot change without changing Mg# during magma differentiation, these shifts of the peak absorption spectra suggest that there is Mg# variation in at least the same lava unit.
Basaltic Volcanism Study Project (BVSP), Basaltic Volcanism on the terrestrial planets, 1286 pp, Pergamon Press Inc., New York, USA, 1981.
Blinder, A., Lunar Prospector: Overview, Science, 281, 1475–1476, 1998.
Boyce, M. J., Ages of flow units in the lunar nearside maria based on Lunar Orbiter IV photographs, Proc. Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., 7, 2717–2728, 1976.
Carr, M. H., Geologic map of the Mare Serenitatis region of the moon, Geological survey, Map I-489, 1966.
Hazen, R. M., P. M. Bell, and H. K. Mao, Effects of compositional variation on absorption spectra of lunar pyroxenes, Proc. Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., 9, 2914–2934, 1978.
Howard, K. A., M. H. Carr, and W. R. Muehlberger, Basalt stratigraphy of southern Mare Serenitatis, Apollo 17 preliminary science report, Washington D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, NASA SP-330, 29–1–29–12, 1973.
Kodama, S. and Y. Yamaguchi, Lunar mare volcanism in the eastern nearside region derived from Clementine UV/VIS data, Meteor. Planet. Sci., 38, 1461–1484, 2003.
Lawrence, D. J., W. C. Feldman, R. C. Elphic, R. C. Little, T. H. Prettyman, S. Maurice, P. G. Lucey, and A. B. Binder, Iron abundances on the lunar surface as measured by the Lunar Prospector Gamma-Ray and Neutron Spectrometers, J. Geophys. Res., 107(E12), 5130, doi:10.1029/2001JE001530, 2002.
Lucey, P. G., G. J. Taylor, and E. Maralet, Abundance and distribution of iron on the Moon, Science, 268, 1150–1153, 1995.
Lucey, P. G., D. T. Blewett, and B. R. Hawke, Mapping FeO and TiO2 content of the lunar surface with multi-spectral imagery, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 3679–3699, 1998.
Lucey, P. G., D. T. Blewett, and B. L. Jolliff, Lunar iron and titanium abundance algorithms based on final processing of Clementine ultravioletvisible images, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 20297–20305, 2000.
Nozette, S., P. Rustan, L. P. Pleasance, D. M. Horan, P. Regeon, E. M. Shoemaker, P. D. Spudis, C. H. Acton, D. N. Baker, J. E. Blamont, B. J. Buratti, M. P. Corson, M. E. Davies, T. C. Duxbury, E. M. Eliason, B. M. Jakosky, and J. F. Kordas, The Clementine mission to the Moon: Scientific overview, Science, 266, 1835–1839, 1994.
Pieters, C. M., Mare basalt types on the front side of the Moon: A summary of spectral reflectance data, Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., 9, 2825–2849, 1978.
Pieters, C. M. and A. J. Englert, Remote Geochemical Analysis: Elemental and Mineralogical Composition, Cambridge, 594pp, The Press Syndicate of the University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 2RU, United Kingdom, 1993.
Prettyman, T. H., W. C. Feldman, D. J. Lawrence, G. W. McKinney, A. B. Binder, R. C. Elphic, O. M. Gasnault, S. Maurice, and K. R. Moore, Library least squares analysis of Lunar Prospector gamma-ray spectra, 33rd Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., Abstract #2012, 2002.
Saiki, K., R. Nakamura, F. Ichikawa, H. Akiyama, and H. Takeda, Development of a telescope imaging spectrometer for the moon, Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., XXXV #148, 2004.
Sasaki, S., K. Nakamura, Y. Hamabe, E. Kurahashi, and T. Hiroi, Production of iron nanoparticles by laser irradiation in a simulation of lunarlike space weathering, Nature, 410, 555–557, 2001.
Scheaffer, G. A. and O. A. Scheaffer, 39Ar-40Ar ages of lunar rocks, Lunar Planet. Sci. Conf., 8, 2253–2300, 1977.
Staid, M. I. and C. M. Pieters, Mineralogy of the last lunar basalts: Results from Clementine, J. Geophys. Res, 106(E11), 27,887–27,900, 2001.
Stolper, E., Experimental petrology of eucritic meteorites, Geochem. Cosmochim., 41, 587–611, 1977.
Tera, F., D. A. Papanastassiou, and G. J. Wasseburg, Isotopic evidence for a terminal lunar cataclysm, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 22, 1–21, 1974.
Wilhelms, D. E. and F. M. McCauley, Geologic map of the nearside of the Moon, U. S. Geological Survey, Map I-703, Washington D.C., 1971.
About this article
Cite this article
Okuno, H., Yamanoi, Y. & Saiki, K. The absorption-peak map of Mare Serenitatis obtained by a hyper-spectral telescope. Earth Planet Sp 60, 425–431 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352807
- hyper-spectral telescope