Skip to main content

Geohazard assessment from satellite magnetic data modeling—with examples from the Arctic Margin along the Canada Basin and the Korean Peninsula along 40°N (latitude) parallel

Abstract

Long-wavelength, relative high-amplitude-magnetic anomalies obtained at satellite altitudes have provided an understanding of the nature of the deeper crust of the Earth. We have studied two such long-wavelength anomalies in regions of high stress—one with a large and one with a lower amplitude anomaly. The first feature is on the Canada Basin continental margin in the Northwest and Yukon Territories, Canada (magnetic anomaly range: 19 nT to −6 nT at 350-km altitude). This area is also the focus of significant stress and earthquake activity. We interpret this anomaly and associated tectonic activity with this region’s position at or near the fulcrum of the scissors-like opening of the Canada Basin in the mid-Mesozoic Era. The second is a section along the 40°N (latitude) parallel crossing the Korean Peninsula (magnetic anomaly range: <−2 nT to >3 nT at 350-km altitude), where an east-west fracture zone has been proposed to extend from northeastern China, across the Korean Peninsula, Sea of Japan and (Northern) Japan.

References

  1. Alsdorf, D., P. T. Taylor, R. R. B. von Frese, R. A. Langel, and J. J. Frawley, Arctic and Asia lithospheric satellite magnetic anomalies, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 108, 81–99, 1998.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Carey, S. W., The Orocline Concept in Geotectonics, Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 89, 255–288, 1955.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Chwae, U. C. and nine others, Geologic Map of the Republic of Korea, Korean Institute of Geology, Mining and Materials, Republic of Korea, 1 sheet (1:1,000,000), 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Coles, R. L. and P. T. Taylor, Magnetic anomalies, in The Arctic Ocean Region, edited by A. Grantz, G. L. Johnson, and J. F. Sweeney, Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America, The geology of North America, v. L, 119–120, 1990.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Coles, R. L., G. V. Haines, and W. Hannaford, Large Scale magnetic anomalies over western Canada and the Arctic: a discussion, Can. J. Earth Sci., 3, 790–802, 1976.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Cook, F. A. and K. Coflin, Experimental three-dimensional imaging of crustal structure in the northwestern Canadian Arctic, Tectonophysics, 173, 43–52, 1990.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Cui, S. and others, Mesozoic and Cenozoic Intracontinental Orogenesis of the Yanshan Area, China, 386 pp., Geological Publishing House, Beijing, China, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Geological Society of America, A Gravity Anomaly Map of North America, B. Magnetic Anomaly Map of North America in The geology of North America-An overview, Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America, The Geology of North America, v. A, Plate 1, 1987.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Grantz, A., S. Eittrim, and D. Dinter, Geology and tectonic development of the continental margin north of Alaska, Tectonophysics, 59, 263–291, 1979.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Grantz, A., S. D. May, P. T. Taylor, and L. A. Lawver, Canada Basin, in The Arctic Ocean Region, edited by A. Grantz, L. Johnson, and J. F. Sweeney, Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America, The Geology of North America, L, 379–402, 1990.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Heidbach, O., et al., World Stress Map Published, EOS, 88(47), 504, 2007.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Jones, F. W., J. A. Majorowicz, and J. Dietrich, The Geothermal Regime of the Northern Yukon and Mackenzie Delta regions of Northwest Canada-Studies of Two regional Profiles, Pure Appl. Geophys., 127(4), 642–658, 1988.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Jones, P. B., Evidence from Canada and Alaska on plate tectonic evolution of the Arctic Ocean Basin, Nature, 285, 215–217, 1980.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Karasik, A. M., Basic specifics of the history of development and the structure of the Arctic Basin bottom according to aeromagnetic data: Marine Geology, Sedimentology, Sedimentary petrography, and Geology of the Ocean, Academy of Sciences of the U.S.S.R, Ministry of geology of the U.S.S.R, National committee of Geologists of the Soviet Union, Leningrad, 178–193 (Translated 1981: NASA GSFC-07), 1980.

    Google Scholar 

  15. Kutina, J., Structural control of volcanic ore deposits in the context of global tectonics, Bull. Volcan., 38, 1039–1069, 1974.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Kutina, J., S. Cui, R. Pei, and M. Jiang, A deep-seated E-W trending structural boundary indicated as extending across the Korean Peninsula at a latitude close to 40° N, Glob. Tectonics Metallogeny, 9, 2007 (in press).

  17. Langseth, M. G., A. H. Lachenbruch, and B. V. Marshall, Geothermal observations in the Arctic region, Chapter 9 in The Geology of North America, Vol. L, p. 133–151, 1990.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Langel, R. A. and W. J. Hinze, The Magnetic Field of the Earth’s Lithosphere, 429 pp., Cambridge University Press, 1998.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Lee, K. and W.-S. Yang, Historical Seismicity of Korea, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am., 96, 846–855, 2006.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Norris, D. K., The structural link among the Columbia, Innuition, and Alaska Orogens, Geol Assoc Canada-Mineral Assoc Canada Geophysical Union Program with Abstracts, 8, A51, 1983.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Plouff, D., Gravity and magnetic fields of polygonal prisms and application to magnetic terrain corrections, Geophysics, 41, 727–741, 1976.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. Tailleur, I. L., Probable Rift Origin of Canada Basin, Arctic Ocean, 526–535, American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1973.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Taylor, P. T. and J. J. Frawley, MAGSAT anomaly map of the Alaska-Canada Arctic continental margin, EOS Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 67, 920, 1986.

    Google Scholar 

  24. Taylor, P. T. and J. J. Frawley, Magsat anomaly data over the Kursk region, U.S.S.R., Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 45, 255–265, 1987.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Taylor, P. T., L. C. Kovacs, P. R. Vogt, and G. L. Johnson, Detailed aero-magnetic investigations of the Arctic basin, 2, J. Geophys. Res., 86, 6323–6333, 1981.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. von Frese, R. R. B., M. Jones, J. Kim, and J. H. Kim, Analysis of anomaly correlations, Geophysics, 62, 342–351, 1997.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. von Frese, R. R. B., W. J. Hinze, and L. W. Braile, Spherical earth gravity and magnetic anomaly analysis by equivalent point source inversion, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 53, 69–83, 1981.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Yannshin, A. L., editor, Tectonic Map of Eurasia, 1:5,000,000, Nauka Press, Moscow, 1966.

    Google Scholar 

  29. Zoback, M. L., First- and Second-Order Patterns of Stress in the Lithosphere: The World Stress Map Project, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 11,703–11,728, 1992.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Patrick T. Taylor.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Taylor, P.T., Kim, H.R., Kutina, J. et al. Geohazard assessment from satellite magnetic data modeling—with examples from the Arctic Margin along the Canada Basin and the Korean Peninsula along 40°N (latitude) parallel. Earth Planet Sp 60, 497–503 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352816

Download citation

Key words

  • Magnetic anomalies
  • Arctic Margin
  • Korean Peninsula
  • stress
  • tectonics