Ultra-rapid UT1 measurement by e-VLBI
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2008
Received: 31 October 2007
Accepted: 6 June 2008
Published: 8 September 2008
The latency of UT1 measurement with Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) has been greatly reduced by using e-VLBI technology. VLBI observations on the baseline formed by the Kashima 34-m and the Onsala 20-m radio telescopes achieved ultra-rapid UT1 measurements, where the UT1 result was obtained within 30 min after the end of the observing session. A high speed network and a UDP-based data transfer protocol ‘Tsunami’ assisted the high data rate and long-distance data transfer from Onsala to Kashima. The accuracy of the UT1 value obtained from the 1-h single baseline e-VLBI experiment has been confirmed to be as the same level with the rapid combined solution of Bulletin-A. The newly developed technology is going to be transferred to the regular intensive VLBI sessions, and it is expected to contribute to the improved latency and accuracy of UT1 data.