Shock equation of state of basalt
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2008
Received: 25 March 2008
Accepted: 10 July 2008
Published: 15 October 2008
Detailed wave profiles for Kinosaki basalt at pressures up to 25 GPa are measured using a laser velocity interferometer in order to determine the dynamic properties. The results indicate a Hugoniot elastic limit of ∼2 GPa and a relationship between shock velocity (Us) and particle velocity (Up) approximated by Us (km/s) = 3.5 + 1.3Up (km/s) in the low-pressure plastic region (Up below ∼4 km/s). These data are compared with the known data for rocks with basaltic compositions, and tensile strength of the basaltic rocks was found to be about one tenth of that of compression strength.