Open Access

Groundwater level changes related to the ground shaking of the Noto Hanto Earthquake in 2007

  • Satoshi Itaba11Email author,
  • Naoji Koizumi11,
  • Norio Matsumoto11,
  • Makoto Takahashi11,
  • Tsutomu Sato11,
  • Ryu Ohtani11,
  • Yuichi Kitagawa11,
  • Yasuto Kuwahara11,
  • Takashi Sato11 and
  • Kunio Ozawa21
Earth, Planets and Space200860:BF03352872

Received: 9 July 2007

Accepted: 5 December 2007

Published: 10 December 2008


The Geological Survey of Japan, AIST has been monitoring groundwater using the observation network of about 40 stations in and around the Kinki and Tokai districts for earthquake prediction research. The Noto Hanto Earthquake in 2007 (MJMA 6.9) occurred in the northwestern part of the Noto Hanto Peninsula, Japan on March 25, 2007. The epicentral distance to the nearest and furthest observation well is about 100 km and 400 km, respectively. Changes in groundwater level related to the Noto Hanto Earthquake were detected at many stations. Most of these were changes in the long-term trend and/or short-term oscillation; there were a few steplike changes. The coseismic static volumetric strain changes calculated from the fault model ranged between 10−9 and 10−10 at most of the observation stations. These changes were therefore considered to be groundwater changes caused by the ground shaking because groundwater level sensitivity to crustal volumetric strain is a few centimeters to 10−8 strain at the most. We compared the coseismic groundwater level changes for the Noto Hanto Earthquake with those for five recent large earthquakes and obtained rough characteristics of the effect of the ground shaking on the groundwater level at each of the observation stations.

Key words

Groundwater levelstraincoseismic changeoscillationNoto Hanto Earthquake in 2007