Open Access

Gilbert-Gauss geomagnetic reversal recorded in Pliocene volcanic sequences from Georgia (Lesser Caucasus): revisited

  • Avto Goguitchaichvili18, 68Email author,
  • Miguel Angel Cervantes18,
  • Manuel Calvo Rathert28,
  • Pierre Camps38,
  • Jemal Sologashvili48 and
  • Givi Maissuradze58
Earth, Planets and Space200961:BF03352886

Received: 23 October 2007

Accepted: 2 August 2008

Published: 23 January 2009


We carried out a detailed paleomagnetic, rock-magnetic, and Thellier paleointensity study of an ~3.6 My Pliocene lava flow succession in southern Georgia. An earlier study (Camps et al., 1996) revealed that several consecutive lava flows record an intermediate polarity direction at the base of the section followed by a thick reverse polarity zone. The transitional field was interpreted as an excursion within chron 2Ar or an upper Cochiti-Gilbert reversal. New paleomagnetic data reported here have been obtained from nearby lava successions. In total, about 170 standard paleomagnetic cores belonging to 22 lava flows were collected during the 2005 sample collection campaign. Rock-magnetic experiments showed that the remanence is carried by Ti-poor titanomagnetite in most of the samples. The fraction of grains with multidomain magnetic structure does not seem to be important. Characteristic remanent magnetization was successfully determined on all samples. The direct correlation with the original (Thoki) sequence, previous preliminary measurements of natural remanent magnetization (Sologashvili, 1986), and field observations allowed us to establish a new magnetic stratigraphy. The lower part of section is characterized by intermediate magnetic polarity followed by thick reversely magnetized lavas. The upper sequence, represented by 18 consecutive flows yielded normal magnetic polarity. The mean paleointensity of the intermediate field is drastically reduced with respect to the post-transitional field strength. Based on all available radiometric ages and new paleomagnetic data, it may be speculated that Gilbert-Gauss (R-N) reversal was recorded at the upper part of sequence. Lower intermediate polarity flows possibly represent a form of precursor of this reversal that is similar to the Matuyama-Brunhes geomagnetic transition.

Key words

Paleomagnetism reversals excursions paleointensity Caucasus