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Local differences in great magnetic storms observed at middle and low latitudes


The dependence of the storm-time amplitude on longitude and latitude was analyzed by statistically investigating great magnetic storms observed at different observatories. First, we compared the storm-time ranges observed at Beijing Observatory (BJI) and San Juan Observatory (SJG) to reveal their longitudinal dependence. It was found that the difference between BJI and SJG could be fitted by the 4-order Fourier series approximation, and the storm-time H ranges at dawn were less than those at dusk. Second, we carried out a case study of two typical storms, and analyzed the focused local time when peak storm-time H ranges occurred. The results confirmed the above conclusion. Third, a statistical study was conducted for all magnetic storms observed at the 120°E magnetic chain in eastern China for 1995–2004 to reveal the latitudinal dependence of storm-time ranges. It was found the relationship depended on the activity of analyzed storms and became complicated for giant storms with Dst ≤ −300 nT.


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Correspondence to Qi Li.

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Li, Q., Gao, Y., Wang, J. et al. Local differences in great magnetic storms observed at middle and low latitudes. Earth Planet Sp 61, 995–1001 (2009).

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Key words

  • Local differences in great storms
  • storm-time range
  • local time
  • latitude dependence