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Seismotectonic implications of the Kyushu-Palau ridge subducting beneath the westernmost Nankai forearc

Abstract

The Kyushu-Palau ridge, a remnant arc on the Philippine Sea Plate, subducts beneath the Eurasian Plate along the westernmost part of the Nankai Trough. A seismic reflection profile on strike line images the 70-km-wide Kyushu-Palau ridge where it subducts beneath the toe of the forearc accretionary wedge. The geomagnetic anomaly signature, seafloor topographic features, wide-angle refraction data, and on-land geomorphologic evidence enable us to trace the forearc extension of the subducted ridge up to the east Kyushu. The subducted Kyushu-Palau ridge with excess mass may be relatively buoyant, and thus is more likely to resist subduction upon collision with the overriding plate at depth, leading us to speculate that there is locally large tectonic stress at the contact zone between the subducted ridge and base of the overriding plate. The large stress zone is marked by historic thrust-type intermediate-class (magnitude 6 or 7) earthquakes. The flank regions of the subducted buoyant Kyushu-Palau ridge are more likely to tear and result in slab fracturing when the ridge subducts deeper. We propose that the subducted Kyushu-Palau ridge may serve not only as a seismic asperity at depth but also produce the slab fracture as a seismic barrier inhibiting the rupture propagation of the adjacent megathrust earthquakes in the Hyuga segment.

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Correspondence to Jin-Oh Park.

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Park, J., Hori, T. & Kaneda, Y. Seismotectonic implications of the Kyushu-Palau ridge subducting beneath the westernmost Nankai forearc. Earth Planet Sp 61, 1013–1018 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352951

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Key words

  • Kyushu-Palau ridge
  • Nankai Trough
  • reflection profile
  • asperity
  • barrier